B.T. Haylen, MD, FRACOG, Senior Specialist Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, St Margaret's Hospital, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia.
Maximum and Average Urine Flow Rates in Normal Male and Female Populations—the Liverposl Nomograms
Version of Record online: 21 NOV 2008
British Journal of Urology
Volume 64, Issue 1, pages 30–38, July 1989
How to Cite
HAYLEN, B. T., ASHBY, D., SUTHERST, J. R., FRAZER, M. I. and WEST, C. R. (1989), Maximum and Average Urine Flow Rates in Normal Male and Female Populations—the Liverposl Nomograms. British Journal of Urology, 64: 30–38. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.1989.tb05518.x
- Issue online: 21 NOV 2008
- Version of Record online: 21 NOV 2008
- Accepted for publication 19 August 1988
Summary— The study of voiding in men and women has been handicapped by the lack of a normal reference range covering urinary flow rates over a wide range of voided volumes.
Normal volunteers (331 males and 249 females) were studied. Each voided once into a calibrated Dantec Urodyn 1000 mictiograph. On a second occasion 282 men and 46 women voided. The maximum and average urine flow rates of the first voids in both sexes were compared with the respective voided volumes.
Nomogram charts, in centile form, for both the maximum and average urine flow rates were constructed using statistical transformations of the data. Males showed a significant decline in both urinary flow rates with age, although there was no statistically significant variation in either urine flow rate with respect to first versus repeated voiding. Females showed no statistically significant variation in either urine flow rate with respect to age, parity or first versus repeated voiding.
The maximum and average urine flow rates in both sexes showed an equally strong relationship to voided volume. No artificial restriction of voided volume, erg. minimum 200 ml, appeared appropriate. These nomograms offer reference ranges for both maximum and average urinary flow rates in both sexes covering a wide range of voided volumes (15–600 ml).