Summary Cysts of the tunica albuginea have been considered very rare. Their clinical significance lies in their presentation as discrete testicular masses often diagnosed as malignancies prior to removal. We report our experience with 6 cases of cysts of the tunica albuginea over a 12-year period and review the relevant literature. It is obvious that these cysts can be both of epithelial and of mesothelial origin. Our material includes a cyst lined by a transitional-like epithelium, of a kind to our knowledge not reported previously. All of the cysts were found by palpation and they constituted 6% of the testicular tumours examined over the same period. High-resolution ultrasound examination can distinguish them from solid testicular masses, as in 2 cases here, thus enabling unnecessary operations to be avoided.