• 1
    Weiss J, Blaivas JG, Stember D, Brooks M. Nocturia in Adults. Etiology and classification. Neurourol Urodynam 1998; 17: 46772
  • 2
    Van Kerrebroeck P, Abrams P, Chaikin D et al. The Standardisation of terminology in nocturia: Report from the Standardisation Sub-committee of the International Continence Society. Neurourol Urodynam 2002; 21: 17983
  • 3
    Abrams P, Cardozo L, Fall M et al. The standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function: Report from the standardization sub-committee of the International Continence Society. Neurourol Urodyn 2002; 21: 16778
  • 4
    Donovan J. Measuring the impact of nocturia on quality of life. BJU Int 1999; S1: 215
  • 5
    Leidy NK, Revicki DA, Geneste B. Recommendations for evaluating the validity of quality of life claims for labeling and promotion. Value Health 1999; 2: 11327
  • 6
    Jackson S. Lower urinary tract symptoms and nocturia in men and women: prevalence, aetiology and diagnosis. BJU Int 1994; 84 (Suppl.): 58
  • 7
    Lose G, Alling-Moller L, Jennum P. Nocturia in women. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001; 185: l 514–521
  • 8
    Muscatello DJ, Rissel C, Szonyi G. Urinary symptoms and incontinence in an urban community: prevalence and associated factors in older men and women. Intern Med J 2001; 31: 15160
  • 9
    Perry S, Shaw C, Assassa P, et al. An epidemiological study to establish the prevalence of urinary symptoms and felt need in the community: The Leicestershire MRC Incontinence Study. J Public Health Med 2000; 22: 42734
  • 10
    Schatzl G, Temml C, Schmidbauer J, Dolezal B, Haidinger G, Madersbacher S. Cross-sectional study of nocturia in both sexes: Analysis of a voluntary health screening project. Urology 2000; 56: 715
  • 11
    Stewart RB, Moore MT, May FE, Marks RG, Hale WE. Nocturia: a risk factor for falls in the elderly. J Am Geriatr Soc 1992; 40: 121720
  • 12
    Swithinbank LV, Abrams P. A detailed description, by age, of lower urinary tract symptoms in a group of community-dwelling women. BJU Int 2000; 85: 1924
    Direct Link:
  • 13
    Milsom I, Abrams P, Cardozo L, Roberts RG, Thuroff J, Wein AJ. How widespread are the symptoms of an overactive bladder and how are they managed? A population-based prevalence study. BJU Int 2001; 87: 7606
  • 14
    Stewart WF, Van Rooyen JB, Cundiff GW et al. Prevalence and burden of overactive bladder in the United States. World J Urol, in press
  • 15
    Desgrandchamps F, Cortesse A, Rousseau T, Teillac P, Duc AL. Normal voiding behaviour in women. Study of the I-PSS in an unselected population of women in general practice. Eur Urol 1996; 30: 1823
  • 16
    Umlauf M, Jurtzer E, Valappil T, Burgio K, Pillion D, Goode P. Sleep-disordered breathing as a mechanism for nocturia: Preliminary findings. Ostomy/Wound Manage 1999; 45: 5260
  • 17
    Middlekoop HA, Smidle-van den Doel DA, Neven AK, Kamphuisen HA, Springer CP. Subjective sleep characteristics of 1485 males and females aged 50–93: Effects of sex and age, and factors related to self-evaluated quality of sleep. J Gerontol: Med Sci 1996; 51A: M108M115
  • 18
    Eckhardt MD, Van Venrooij G, Van Melick HM, Boon TA. Prevalence and bothersomeness of lower urinary tract symptoms in benign prostatic hyperplasia and their impact on well-being. J Urol 2001; 166: 5638
  • 19
    Asplund R, Aberg HE. Nocturia and health in women aged 40–64 years. Maturitas 2000; 35: 1438
  • 20
    Liberman JN, Hunt TL, Stewart WF et al. Health-related quality-of-life among adults with symptoms of overactive bladder: results from a US community-based survey. Urology 2001; 57: 104450
  • 21
    Coyne KS, Payne C, Bhattacharyya SK et al. The impact of urinary urgency and frequency on health-related quality of life in overactive bladder: results from a national community survey. Value Health 2003 (in press)
  • 22
    Coyne KS, Revicki DA, Hunt T et al. Psychometric validation of an overactive bladder symptom and health-related quality of life questionnaire: the OAB-q. Qual Life Res 2002; 11: 56374
  • 23
    Manocchia M, Keller S, Ware J. Sleep problems, health-related quality of life, work functioning, and health care utilization among the chronically ill. Qual Life Res 2001; 10: 33145
  • 24
    Belsley DA, Kuh E, Welsch RE. Regression Diagnostics. Identifying Influential Data and Sources of Collinearity. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1980
  • 25
    Ware JE, Snow KK, Kosinski M, Gandek B. SF-36® Health Survey: Manual and Interpretation Guide. Lincoln, RI: QualityMetric Incorporated, 1993, 2000
  • 26
    Thom DH. Overactive bladder. Epidemiology and impact on quality of life. Patient Care 2000; Winter: 614
  • 27
    Revicki DA, Osoba D, Fairclough D et al. Recommendations on health-related quality of life research to support labeling and promotional claims in the United States. Qual Life Res 2000; 9: 887900