Authors from Mansoura evaluated the outcome of patients with continent urinary diversion who had a single functioning kidney. They recommend a regular follow-up of renal function in such patients. They found that rectal diversion was associated with a higher renal functional loss than orthotopic or cutaneous reservoirs. In the second article, the authors from Cairo describe the value of dynamic three-dimensional spiral CT cysto-urethrography in evaluating post-traumatic posterior urethral defects.
To evaluate the outcome of patients with continent urinary diversions who had a solitary functioning kidney at the time of surgery.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
In all, 62 patients with continent urinary reservoirs and a solitary functioning kidney were reviewed (51 men and 11 women). The indications for surgery were bladder cancer in 54 and a contracted bladder in eight. The surgical procedures included an orthotopic ileal neobladder in 36 patients, a continent cutaneous ileal reservoir in 13 and rectal diversion in 13. Kidneys were evaluated using serum creatinine level, ultrasonography, intravenous urography and other radiological studies.
The follow-up was 6–173 months; 44 renal units (71%) remained stable during this period. Serum creatinine was increased in four patients with an orthotopic neobladder, with no evidence of obstruction or reflux, in one with preoperative renal impairment and one with voiding dysfunction, reflux and bacteriuria. Six renal units deteriorated because of uretero-intestinal strictures; of these patients, two were treated endoscopically, two with open ureteric reimplantation, one with conversion from a rectal reservoir to an ileal loop conduit, and one was maintained on JJ stenting. Six patients with a rectal diversion had renal deterioration because of chronic pyelonephritis.
A regular follow-up of renal function is mandatory in patients with a continent urinary diversion. Rectal diversion is associated with a higher risk of renal deterioration (54%) than are orthotopic (28%) and cutaneous reservoirs (8%).