• 1
    Hunskaar S, Lose G, Sykes D, Voss S. The prevalence of urinary incontinence in women in four European countries. BJU Int 2004; 93: 32430
  • 2
    Blaivas JG, Groutz A. Urinary incontinence: pathophysiology, evaluation, and management overview. In WalshPC, RetikAB, VaughanED, WeinAJ eds, Campbells’ Urology, 8th edn, Vol. 2. Chap 27. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 2002: 102743
  • 3
    Brady CM, Ahmed I, Drumm J, Flood HD. A prospective evaluation of the efficiency of early postoperative bladder emptying after the Stamey procedure or pubovaginal sling for stress urinary incontinence. J Urol 2001; 165: 16014
  • 4
    Chaikin DC, Rosenthal J, Blaivas JG. Pubovaginal fascial sling for all types of stress urinary incontinence: long-term analysis. J Urol 1998; 160: 13126
  • 5
    Leach GE, Dmochowski RR, Appell RA et al. Female Stress Urinary Incontinence Clinical Guidelines Panel summary report on surgical management of female stress urinary incontinence. The American Urological Association. J Urol 1997; 158: 87580
  • 6
    Clemens JQ, DeLancey JO, Faerber GJ, Westney OL, McGuire EJ. Urinary tract erosions after synthetic pubovaginal slings: diagnosis and management strategy. Urology 2000; 56: 58994
  • 7
    Abrams P, Cardozo L, Fall M et al. The standardisation of terminology in lower urinary tract function: report from the standardisation sub-committee of the International Continence Society. Urology 2003; 61: 3749
  • 8
    Kelleher CJ, Cardozo LD, Khullar V, Salvatore S. A new questionnaire to assess the quality of life of urinary incontinent women. BJOG 1997; 104: 13749
  • 9
    Ware JE, Snow KK, Kosinski M, Gandek B. The SF-36 health survey manual and interpretation guide. Boston: Health Institute, New England Medical Centre, 1993
  • 10
    Haab F, Trockman BA, Zimmern PE, Leach GE. Results of pubovaginal sling for the treatment of intrinsic sphincter deficiency determined by questionnaire analysis. J Urol 1997; 158: 173841
  • 11
    Chaikin DC, Blaivas JG, Rosenthal JE, Weiss JP. Results of pubovaginal sling for stress incontinence: a prospective comparison of 4 instruments for outcome analysis. J Urol 1999; 162: 16703
  • 12
    Kondo A, Kato K, Gotoh M et al. Quantifying thread tension is of clinical use in Stamey bladder neck suspension: analysis of clinical parameters. J Urol 1989; 141: 3842
  • 13
    Yamada T, Kura N, Kawakami S, Watanabe T, Negishi T, Mizuo T. Suburethral sling procedure for urinary stress incontinence. With special reference to determination of tension of suspension from posturethrovesical angle measured by ultrasonography. Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi 1990; 81: 13516
  • 14
    Wang AC, Chen MC. Randomized comparison of local versus epidural anesthesia for tension-free vaginal tape operation. J Urol 2001; 165: 117780
  • 15
    Ulmsten U, Henriksson L, Johnson P, Varhos G. An ambulatory surgical procedure under local anesthesia for treatment of female urinary incontinence. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct 1996; 7: 815
  • 16
    Ulmsten U, Johnson P, Rezapour M. A three-year follow up of tension free vaginal tape for surgical treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. BJOG 1999; 106: 34550
  • 17
    Nilsson CG, Kuuva N. The tension-free vaginal tape procedure is successful in the majority of women with indications for surgical treatment of urinary stress incontinence. BJOG 2001; 108: 4149
  • 18
    Barrington JW, Edwards G, Arunkalaivanan AS, Swart M. The use of porcine dermal implant in a minimally invasive pubovaginal sling procedure for genuine stress incontinence. BJU Int 2002; 90: 2247
  • 19
    Breitfeld C, Peters J, Vockel T, Lorenz C, Eikermann M. Emetic effects of morphine and piritramide. Br J Anaesth 2003; 91: 21823
  • 20
    Cepeda MS, Alvarez H, Morales O, Carr DB. Addition of ultralow dose naloxone to postoperative morphine PCA: unchanged analgesia and opioid requirement but decreased incidence of opioid side effects. Pain 2004; 107: 416
  • 21
    Cross CA, Cespedes RD, McGuire EJ. Our experience with pubovaginal slings in patients with stress urinary incontinence. J Urol 1998; 159: 11958