Outcome of penile prosthesis implantation for treating erectile dysfunction: experience with 504 procedures


Andrea Minervini, Clinica Urologica I, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Careggi, Università di Firenze, Villa Monna Tessa, Viale Pieraccini 18, 50139, Firenze, Italy.
e-mail: andreamine@libero.it



To evaluate the outcome of penile prosthesis surgery for different types of prosthesis.


The notes of 447 men who had 504 penile prosthesis implanted between August 1975 and December 2000 were evaluated. Of the prostheses inserted, 393 were malleable, 81 were three-piece inflatable and 30 were self-contained hydraulic prostheses. The mean (range) age of the men was 52 (21–78) years; 404 men had primary implants and 43 had revision surgery after operations at other institutions. The mean follow-up was 50  (1–297) months.


Of the 447 men, 22 were lost to follow-up immediately after surgery. The most serious postoperative complications were infection (8%) and erosion (5%), which was more common in diabetic patients (10%) and after pelvic trauma with a urethral injury (21%). Of 482 prostheses, 21 failed mechanically (4%) and revision surgery was needed for 5% of the prostheses inserted (24/482). Overall, 89% (377/425) of men could have sexual intercourse and 344 (81%) were satisfied with the results.


Of the men implanted with a penile prosthesis, 81% were satisfied with the outcome and an even higher proportion were satisfied with the inflatable prostheses. Dissatisfaction was mainly due to complications that resulted in removal of the prosthesis.