A randomized prospective trial evaluating testosterone, haemoglobin kinetics and quality of life, during and after 12 months of androgen deprivation after prostatectomy: results from the Postoperative Adjuvant Androgen Deprivation trial
Version of Record online: 5 JUN 2007
Volume 100, Issue 1, pages 63–69, July 2007
How to Cite
Black, P. C., Basen-Engquist, K., Wang, X., Swartz, R. J., Eddings, T., Matin, S. F., Swanson, D., Wood, C. G., Pisters, L. L., Babaian, R. J., Troncoso, P. and Pettaway, C. A. (2007), A randomized prospective trial evaluating testosterone, haemoglobin kinetics and quality of life, during and after 12 months of androgen deprivation after prostatectomy: results from the Postoperative Adjuvant Androgen Deprivation trial. BJU International, 100: 63–69. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2007.06846.x
- Issue online: 5 JUN 2007
- Version of Record online: 5 JUN 2007
- Accepted for publication 5 January 2007
- prostate cancer;
- androgen deprivation;
- adjuvant therapy;
- quality of life;
To assess testosterone and haemoglobin kinetics in the Postoperative Adjuvant Androgen Deprivation (PAAD) trial, and correlate these with quality of life (QoL) in this prospective randomized study.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Forty-three patients met the criteria for high-risk cancer after RRP (Gleason score ≥ 8, pT3c or Gleason score 7 concomitant with pT3a/b and positive surgical margins) and were prospectively randomized to either observation or AD for 12 months. Haemoglobin and testosterone levels were determined and QoL surveyed at regular intervals for 24 months.
Serum testosterone levels were castrate in 19 of 21 treated patients at 3 months and all at 6 months after starting AD. Levels failed to return to normal at 6 months after stopping treatment in six of 16 (38%) patients, and at 12 months in three of 17 (18%). AD caused a delay in the recovery of haemoglobin levels to normal after RRP. There was no statistically significant decline in the Short Form-36 QoL score with AD. Scores on the University of California-Los Angeles Sexual Functioning Scale were decreased during AD, but returned to a level not statistically significantly different from controls after stopping treatment.
A year of adjuvant AD after RRP affected serum haemoglobin, testosterone and sexual function reversibly, with return to control levels within the subsequent year in most patients. No significant effect on overall QoL with AD was detected in the study.