Bladder and urethral function in pelvic organ prolapsed lysyl oxidase like-1 knockout mice



This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Corrigendum Volume 113, Issue 4, E16, Article first published online: 14 March 2014

  • GL and FD made an equal contribution

Firouz Daneshgari, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Ave, ND20, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. e-mail:



To examine bladder and urethral function in pelvic organ prolapsed lysyl oxidase like-1 (LOXL1) knockout mice.


Female parous Loxl1 −/− mice in the stable phase of prolapse, and age-matched wild type (WT) mice (six each) had conscious cystometry, leak-point pressure (LPP) testing, and contractile responses assessed of their bladder muscle strips to KCl, electrical-field stimulation, ATP, and carbachol.


Loxl1 −/− mice voided more frequently and had lower mean (sem) bladder capacity, at 0.10 (0.01) vs 0.20 (0.01) mL, and voiding pressure, at 25.0 (1.90) vs 36.6 (4.04) cmH2O, respectively, during cystometry than had WT mice. The LPP was not significantly different between WT and Loxl1 −/− mice, at 7.05 (0.81) vs 5.22 (1.23) cmH2O, respectively. There were no significant differences between bladder strips from Loxl1 −/− mice and WT mice in their responsiveness to various stimuli.


Loxl1 −/− knockout mice had lower urinary tract dysfunction, most likely due to urethral dysfunction. Loxl1 −/− knockout mice can be used as an animal model for pelvic floor disorders. Further studies are needed to characterize the morphological and molecular alterations of the bladder and urethra.