SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Culkin JC, Beer TM. Advanced penile carcinoma. J Urol 2003; 170: 35965
  • 2
    Solsona E, Iborra I, Ricos JV et al. Corpus cavernosum invasion and tumour grade in the prediction of lymph node condition in penile carcinoma. Eur Urol 1992; 22: 1158
  • 3
    Solsona E, Iborra I, Rubio J, Casanova JL, Ricos JV, Calabuig C. Prospective validation of the association of local tumour stage and grade as predictive factor for occult lymph node micrometastasis in patients with penile carcinoma and clinically negative inguinal lymph nodes. J Urol 2001; 165: 15069
  • 4
    Sanchez-Ortiz RF, Curtis A, Pettaway CA. The role of lymphadenectomy in penile cancer. Urol Oncol 2004; 22: 23644
  • 5
    McDougal WS. Carcinoma of the penis: improved survival by early regional lymphadenectomy based on the histological grade and of invasion of the primary lesion. J Urol 1995; 154: 13646
  • 6
    Kroon BK, Horenblas S, Lont AP, Tanis PJ, Gallee MPW, Nieweg OE. Patients with penile carcinoma benefit from immediate resection of clinically occult lymph node metastases. J Urol 2005; 173: 8169
  • 7
    Slaton JW, Morgenstern N, Levy DA et al. Tumour stage, vascular invasion and percentage of poorly differentiated cancer: independent prognosticators for inguinal lymph node metastasis in penile squamous cancer. J Urol 2001; 165: 113842
  • 8
    Theodorescu D, Russo P, Zhang ZF, Morash C, Fair WR. Outcomes of initial surveillance of invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the penis and negative nodes. J Urol 1996; 155: 162631
  • 9
    Ficarra V, Zattoni F, Artibani W et al. Nomogram predictive of pathological inguinal lymph node involvement in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. J Urol 2006; 175: 17005.
  • 10
    Leijte JAP, Horenblas S. Rebuttal from Authors re. Eric Wespes. The management of regional lymph nodes in patients with penile carcinoma and reliability of sentinel node biopsy. Eur Urol 2007; 52: 15–6 and re: Vincenzo Ficarra and Antonio Galfano. Should the dynamic sentinel node biopsy (DSNB) be considered the gold standard in the evaluation of lymph node status in patients with penile carcinoma? Eur Urol 2007 52: 17–9. Eur Urol 2007; 52: 201
  • 11
    Solsona E, Algaba F, Horenblas S, Pizzocaro G, Windahl T. Guidelines on Penile Cancer. European Association of Urology. Update March 2004. Available at: http://www.uroweb.org/files/uploaded_files/guidelines/22891_Penile_Cancer.pdf. Accessed March 2004
  • 12
    Sobin LH, Wittekind Ch. TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours, 6th edn. New York: Wiley-Liss, 2002
  • 13
    Cubilla AL, Dillner J, Schellhammer PF et al. Tumours of the penis. In EbleJ, SauterG, EpsteinJI, SesterhennIA eds, World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of the Urinary System and Male Genital Organs. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Press, 2004: 27990
  • 14
    Gale N, Kambic V, Michaels L et al. The Ljubljana classification: a practical strategy for the diagnosis of laryngeal precancerous lesions. Adv Anat Pathol 2000; 7: 24051
  • 15
    Leijte JAP, Kroon BK, Valdes Olmos RA, Nieweg OE, Horenblas S. Reliability and safety of current dynamic sentinel node biopsy for penile carcinoma. Eur Urol 2007; 52: 1707.
  • 16
    Maiche AG, Pyrhonen S, Karkinen M. Histological grading of squamous cell carcinoma of the penis: a new scoring system. Br J Urol 1991; 67: 5226
  • 17
    Hegarty PK, Kayes O, Freeman A, Christopher N, Ralph DJ, Minhas S. A prospective study of 100 cases of penile cancer managed according to European Association of Urology guidelines. BJU Int 2006; 98: 52631
  • 18
    Novara G, Artibani W, Cunico SC et al. How accurately do Solsona and European Association of Urology risk groups predict for risk of lymph node metastases in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the penis? Urology 2008; 71: 32833
  • 19
    Lopes A, Hidalgo GS, Kowalski LP, Torloni H, Rossi BM, Fonseca FP. Prognostic factors in carcinoma of the penis: multivariate analysis of 145 patients treated with amputation and lymphadenectomy. J Urol 1996; 156: 163742
  • 20
    Broders AC. Squamous cell epithelioma of the skin. Ann Surg 1921; 73: 14160
  • 21
    Black MM, Speer FD. Nuclear structure in cancer tissues. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1957; 165: 97102
  • 22
    Inoue T. Prognostic significance of the depth of invasion relating to nodal metastases, parametrial extension, and cell types. A study of 628 cases with Stage IB, IIA, and IIB cervical carcinoma. Cancer 1984; 54: 303542
  • 23
    Fereneczy A. Electron microscopy of histologically difficult to diagnose gynecologic neoplasms. Ultrastruct Pathol 1987; 11: 33560
  • 24
    Wilkinson EJ. Superficially invasive carcinoma of the vulva. Clin Obstet Gynecol 1991; 34: 65161
  • 25
    Anneroth G, Hansen LS, Silverman S Jr. Malignancy grading in oral squamous cell carcinoma. I. Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue and floor of mouth: histologic grading in the clinical evaluation. J Oral Pathol 1986; 15: 1628.
  • 26
    Elston CW, Ellis IO. Pathological prognostic factors in breast cancer. I. The value of histological grade in breast cancer: experience from a large study with long-term follow-up. Histopathology 1991; 19: 40310
  • 27
    Naumann CM, Alkatout I, Al Najar A et al. Lymph-node metastases in intermediate-risk squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. BJU Int 2008; 102: 11026
  • 28
    Malhotra SM, Rouse RV, Azzi R, Reese JH. Expectant management in patients with T1 moderately differentiated penile cancer: is observation truly appropriate? J Urol 2006; 175 (Suppl.): 461