• 1
    Hanno PM, Sant GR. Clinical highlights of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/Interstitial Cystitis Association scientific conference on interstitial cystitis. Urology 2001; 57 (Suppl. 1): 26
  • 2
    Chancellor MB, Yoshimura N. Treatment of interstitial cystitis. Urology 2004; 63 (Suppl. 1): 8592
  • 3
    Sant GR, Propert KJ, Hanno PM et al. A pilot clinical trial of oral pentosan polysulfate and oral hydroxyline in patients with interstitial cystitis. J Urol 2003; 170: 8105
  • 4
    Mayer R, Propert KJ, Peters KM et al. A randomized controlled trial of intravesical bacillus Calmette-Geurin for treatment refractory interstitial cystitis. J Urol 2005; 173: 118691
  • 5
    Ottem DP, Teichman JM. What is the value of cystoscopy with hydrodistension for interstitial cystitis? Urology 2005; 66: 4949
  • 6
    Apostolidis A, Popat R, Yiangou Y et al. Decreased sensory receptors P2X3 and TRPV1 in suburothelial nerve fibers following intradetrusor injections of botulinum toxin for human detrusor overactivity. J Urol 2005; 174: 97783
  • 7
    Kuo HC. Clinical effects of suburothelial injection of botulinum A toxin on patients with non-neurogenic detrusor overactivity refractory to anticholinergics. Urology 2005; 66: 948
  • 8
    Smith CP, Radziszewski P, Borkowski A, Somogyi GT, Boone TB, Chancellor MB. Botulinum toxin A has antinociceptive effects in treating interstitial cystitis. Urology 2004; 64: 8715
  • 9
    Kuo HC. Preliminary results of suburothelial injection of botulinum A toxin in the treatment of chronic interstitial cystitis. Urol Int 2005; 75: 1704
  • 10
    Giannantoni A, Costantini E, Di Stasi SM, Tascini MC, Bini V, Porena M. Botulinum A toxin intravesical injections in the treatment of painful bladder syndrome: a pilot study. Eur Urol 2006; 49: 7049
  • 11
    Chuang YC, Yoshimura N, Huang CC, Chiang PH, Chancellor MB. Intravesical botulinum toxin A administration produces analgesia against acetic acid induced bladder pain response in rats. J Urol 2004; 172: 152932
  • 12
    Giannantoni A, Di Stasi SM, Nardicchi V et al. Botulinum-A toxin injections into the detrusor muscle decrease nerve growth factor bladder tissue levels in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity. J Urol 2006; 175: 23414
  • 13
    Khera M, Somogyi GT, Kiss S, Boone TB, Smith CP. Botulinum toxin A inhibits ATP release from bladder urothelium after chronic spinal cord injury. Neurochem Int 2004; 45: 98793
  • 14
    Cui M, Aoki KR. Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) reduces inflammatory pain in the rat formalin model. Cephalalgia 2000; 20: 4148
  • 15
    Giannantoni A, Porena M, Costantini E, Zucchi A, Mearini L, Mearini E. Botulinum A toxin intravesical injection in patients with painful bladder syndrome: 1-year followup. J Urol 2008; 179: 10314
  • 16
    Hanno P. Interstitial cystitis and related diseases. In WalshPC, RetikAB, VaughanED, WeinAJ eds, Campbell’s Urology, 7th edn. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, Co., 1998: 63162
  • 17
    Gillenwater JY, Wein AJ. Summary of the National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases Workshop on Interstitial Cystitis, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, August 28–29, 1987. J Urol 1988; 140: 2036
  • 18
    Lubeck DP, Whitmore K, Sant GR, Alvarez-Horine S, Lai C. Psychometric validation of the O’Leary-Sant interstitial cystitis symptom index in a clinical trial of pentosan polysulfate sodium. Urology 2001; 57 (Suppl. 1): 626
  • 19
    Parsons CL, Housley T, Schmidt JD, Lebow D. Treatment of interstitial cystitis with intravesical heparin. Br J Urol 1994; 73: 5047
  • 20
    Brady CM, Apostolidis A, Harper M et al. Parallel changes in bladder suburothelial vanilloid receptor TRPV1 and pan-neuronal marker PGP9.5 immunoreactivity in patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity after intravesical resiniferatoxin treatment. BJU Int 2004; 93: 7706
  • 21
    Steers WD, Tuttle JB. Mechanisms of disease: the role of nerve growth factor in the pathophysiology of bladder disorders. Nat Clin Pract Urol 2006; 3: 10110
  • 22
    Chai TC, Zhang CO, Shoenfelt JL, Johnson HW Jr, Warren JW, Keay S. Bladder stretch alters urinary heparin-binding epidermal growth factor and antiproliferative factor in patients with interstitial cystitis. J Urol 2000; 163: 14404