Retracted: Physical therapy for premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction and chronic pelvic pain syndrome


Helena M. Nugteren, Urology, University Medical Centre Groningen, Hanzeplein 1 Groningen 9713GZ, the Netherlands.


There is limited knowledge about the exact role of the pelvic floor in male sexual functioning. Pelvic floor muscle function might be involved in the enhancement of blood flow to the penis, and evidence suggests an active role for the ischio- and bulbocavernous muscles and other pelvic floor muscles in the initiation and maintenance of erection. Increased activity of pelvic floor muscles might also be preparatory to ejaculation. Studies have shown positive results after physical therapy for erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation and chronic pelvic pain syndrome. However, the methodological quality of some of these studies is poor and further research validating specific physical therapies in the assessment and treatment of male sexual function is necessary. In this respect physical therapists have a potential role as integral members of healthcare teams involved in the improvement of male sexual health.