SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Barnes RW, Lang NP, Whiteside MF. Halstedian technique revisited. Innovations in teaching surgical skills. Ann Surg 1989; 210: 11821
  • 2
    Vick LR, Vick KD, Borman KR et al. Face, content, and construct validities of inanimate intestinal anastomoses simulation. J Surg Educ 2007; 64: 3658
  • 3
    Fried GM, Feldman LS, Vassiliou MC et al. Proving the value of simulation in laparoscopy surgery. Ann Surg 2004; 240: 51828
  • 4
    Zorn KC, Gautam G, Shalhav AL et al. Training, credentialing, proctoring and medicolegal risks of robotic urological surgery: recommendations of the society of urologic robotic surgeons. J Urol 2009; 182: 112632
  • 5
    Albani JM, Lee DI. Virtual reality-assisted robotic surgery simulation. J Endourol 2007; 21: 2857
  • 6
    Stefanidis D, Korndorffer JR, Sierra R et al. Skill retention following proficiency-based laparoscopic simulator training. Surgery 2005; 138: 16570
  • 7
    Meier AH, Rawn CL, Krummel TM. Virtual reality: surgical application – challenge for the new millennium. J Am Coll Surg 2001; 192: 37284
  • 8
    Scott DJ, Cendan JC, Pugh CM et al. The changing face of surgical education: simulation as the new paradigm. J Surg Res 2008; 147: 18993
  • 9
    American College of Surgeons, Division of Education. Accredited Education InstitutesTM: enhancing patient safety through simulation. Available at: http://www.facs.org/education/accreditationprogram/. Accessed January 2010
  • 10
    McDougall EM. Validation of surgical simulators. J Endourol 2007; 21: 2447
  • 11
    Kesavadas T, Seshadri S, Srimathveeravalli G et al. Design and development of RoSS: a virtual eality Simulator for da Vinci Surgical System. Int J Comput Aided Radiol Surg 2008; 3: 2812
  • 12
    Baheti A, Kumar A, Srimathveeravalli G et al. RoSS: Virtual Reality Robotic Surgical Simulator for the DaVinci Surgical Simulator System. In Proceedings of the IEEE Haptics Symposium, 2007
  • 13
    Dreyfus S, Dreyfus H. A Five Stage Model of the Mental Activities Involved in Directed Skill Acquisition, ORC 80-2. Berkeley: Operations Research Center, University of California, 1980
  • 14
    Le CQ, Lightner DJ, Vanderlei L et al. The current role of medical simulation in American urological residency training programs: an assessment by program directors. J Urol 2007; 177: 28891
  • 15
    Lendvay TS, Casale P, Sweet R et al. VR Robotic Surgery: randomized blinded study of the dV-Trainer Robotic Simulator. Stud Health Technol Inform 2008; 132: 2424
  • 16
    Guru K, Hussain A, Chandrasekhar R et al. Current status of robot-assisted surgery in urology: a multi-national survey of 297 urologic surgeons. Can J Urol 2009; 16: 456873
  • 17
    Guru K, Kuvshinoff B, Pavlov-Shapiro S et al. Impact of robotics and laparoscopy on surgical skills: a comparative study. J Am Coll Surg 2007; 204: 96101
  • 18
    Katsavelis D, Siu K, Brown-Clerk B et al. Validated robotic laparoscopic surgical training in a virtual-reality environment. Surg Endosc 2009; 23: 6673
  • 19
    Heintzman RJ. Determination of Force Cueing Requirements for Tactical Combat Flight Training Devices (ASC-TR-97-5001). Wright Patterson AFB: Aeronautical Systems Center, Training Systems Product Group, 1996
  • 20
    Seymour NE, Gallagher AG, Roman SA et al. Virtual reality training improves operating room performance. Results of a randomized, double-blinded study. Ann Surg 2002; 236: 45864
  • 21
    Grantcharov TP, Kristiansen VB, Bendix J et al. Randomized clinical trial of virtual reality simulation for laparoscopic skills training. Br J Surg 2004; 91: 14650
  • 22
    Banks EH, Banks EH, Chudnoff S et al. Does a surgical simulator improve resident operative performance of laparoscopic tubal ligation? Am J Obstet Gynecol 2007; 197: 541
  • 23
    Sethi AS, Peine WJ, Mohammadi Y et al. Validation of a novel virtual reality robotic simulator. J Endourol 2009; 23: 5038
  • 24
    Kenney PA, Wszolek MF, Gould JJ et al. Face, content, and construct validity of dV-Trainer, a novel virtual reality simulator for robotic surgery. Urology 2009; 73: 128892
  • 25
    Seixas-Mikelus SA, Kesavadas T, Srimathveeravalli G et al. Face validation of a novel robotic surgical simulator. Urology 2010; 76: 35760
  • 26
    Narazaki K, Oleynikov D, Stergiou N. Objective assessment of proficiency and bimanual inanimate tasks in robotic laparoscopy. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech 2007; 17: 4752
  • 27
    Ahlering T, Skarecky D, Lee D et al. Successful transfer of open surgical skills to a laparoscopic environment using a robotic interface: initial experience with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. J Urol 2003; 170: 173841
  • 28
    Herrell SD, Smith JA. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy: what is the learning curve? Urology 2005; 66: 1057
  • 29
    Seixas-Mikelus SA, Adal A, Kesavadas T et al. Can image-based virtual reality help teach anatomy? J Endourol 2010; 24: 62934
  • 30
    Steinberg PL, Merguerian PA, Bihrle W et al. The cost of learning robot-assisted prostatectomy. Urology 2008; 72: 106872
  • 31
    Lee SL, Sydorak RM, Applebaum H. Training general surgery residents in pediatric surgery: educational value vs time and cost. J Pediatr Surg 2009; 44: 1648
  • 32
    Bridges M, Diamond DL. The financial impact of teaching surgical residents in the operating room. Am J Surg 1999; 177: 2832