• 1
    Aitken R, Morrel S, Barraclough H et al. Cancer Incidence and Mortality Projections in New South Wales, 2007 to 2010. Sydney, NSW: Sydney Cancer Institute, 2007
  • 2
    Gudbjartsson T, Hardarson S, Petursdottir V, Thoroddsen A, Magnusson J, Einarsson GV. Histological subtyping and nuclear grading of renal cell carcinoma and their implications for survival: a retrospective nation-wide study of 629 Patients. Eur Urol 2005; 48: 593600
  • 3
    Hock LM, Lynch J, Balaji KC. Increasing incidence of all stages of kidney cancer in the last 2 decades in the United States: an analysis of Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results program data. J Urol 2002; 167: 5760
  • 4
    Kane CJ, Mallin K, Ritchey J, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Renal cell cancer stage migration: analysis of the National Cancer Data Base. Cancer 2008; 113: 7883
  • 5
    Mattar K, Jewett MAS. Watchful waiting for small renal masses. Curr Urol Rep 2008; 9: 225
  • 6
    Ficarra V, Righetti R, Pilloni S et al. Prognostic factors in patients with renal cell carcinoma: retrospective analysis of 675 cases. Eur Urol 2002; 41: 1908
  • 7
    Patard JJ, Leray E, Rioux-Leclercq N et al. Prognostic value of histologic subtypes in renal cell carcinoma: a multicenter experience. J Clin Oncol 2005; 23: 276371
  • 8
    Greene FL, Page DL, Balch CM, Fleming ID, Morrow M. AJCC Cancer Staging Manual, 6th edn. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2002
  • 9
    Tanagho EA, McAninch JW. Smith’s General Urology, 16th edn. New York: Lange Medical Books/McGraw-Hill, 2004
  • 10
    Cooperberg MR, Mallin K, Ritchey J, Villalta JD, Carroll PR, Kane CJ. Decreasing size at diagnosis of Stage 1 renal cell carcinoma: analysis from the national cancer data base, 1993 to 2004. J Urol 2008; 179: 21315
  • 11
    Frank I, Blute ML, Leibovich BC, Cheville JC, Lohse CM, Zincke H. Independent validation of the 2002 American Joint Committee on Cancer primary tumour classification for renal cell carcinoma using a large, single institution cohort. J Urol 2005; 173: 188992
  • 12
    Cheville JC, Lohse CM, Zincke H, Weaver AL, Blute ML. Comparisons of outcome and prognostic features among histologic subtypes of renal cell carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol 2003; 27: 61224
  • 13
    Russo P, Jang T, Eggener S, Pettus J, Karellas M, O’Brien F. Survival rates after resection for localized kidney cancer 1989–2004. Cancer 2008; 113: 8496
  • 14
    Gudbjartsson T, Thoroddsen A, Petursdottir V, Hardarson S, Magnusson J, Einarsson GV. Effect of incidental detection for survival of patients with renal cell carcinoma: results of population-based study of 701 patients. Urology 2005; 66: 118691
  • 15
    Hollingsworth JM, Miller DC, Daignault S, Hollenbeck BK. Rising incidence of small renal masses: a need to reassess treatment effect. J Natl Cancer Inst 2006; 98: 13314
  • 16
    Lane BR, Babineau D, Kattan MW et al. A preoperative prognostic nomogram for solid enhancing renal tumours 7 cm or less amenable to partial nephrectomy. J Urol 2007; 178: 42934