Study Type – Therapy (case series)
Level of Evidence 4
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add?
As the indications for nephron sparing surgery continue to evolve, so do the potential complications.
This study examines a rare but likely underreported complication of nephron sparing surgery in order to better counsel and treat patients with complex renal tumours.
- • To report and review our incidence of delayed ureteric stricture (US) after complex nephron-sparing surgery (NSS).
PATIENTS AND METHODS
- • Using our institutional kidney cancer database, we identified 720 patients who underwent NSS from 1 January 2000 until 31 December 2010 and identified eleven (1.5%) patients with a delayed US.
- • Patient and tumour characteristics were reviewed.
- • Median (range) tumour size and RENAL nephrometry score was 4.1 (2–7.2) cm and 10p (4–11p), respectively.
- • There were eight of 10 solitary tumours (80%) located in the lower or mid-pole of the kidney.
- • There were eight of 11 patients with delayed US (72.7%) who experienced a postoperative urinary leak.
- • There were two of 11 (18.2%) patients who experienced a postoperative retroperitoneal haemorrhage, with one of these patients requiring selective embolization.
- • All US were in the upper third of the ureter and were diagnosed at a minimum of 10 weeks postoperatively (median 154 days, range 70–400 days).
- • US formation is an uncommon and under-reported event after complex NSS.
- • Risk factors appear to include tumour complexity, imperative indications, mid- or lower pole location, postoperative urinary leak and haemorrhage.
- • Although uncommon, postoperative US can occur after NSS for complex renal masses, necessitating patient counselling and diligent postoperative surveillance.