• 1
    Mahmood A, Silbergleit A, Olson R, Cotant M. Urolithiasis: the influence of stone size on management. Nat Clin Pract Urol 2007; 4: 5703
  • 2
    Picozzi SC, Marenghi C, Casellato S, Ricci C, Gaeta M, Carmignani L. Management of ureteral calculi and medical expulsive therapy in emergency departments. J Emerg Trauma Shock 2011; 4: 706
  • 3
    Masarani M, Dinneen M. Ureteric colic: new trends in diagnosis and treatment. Postgrad Med J 2007; 83: 46972
  • 4
    Johri N, Cooper B, Robertson W, Choong S, Rickards D, Unwin R. An update and practical guide to renal stone management. Nephron Clin Pract 2010; 116: 15971
  • 5
    García Morúa A, Gutiérrez García JD, Martínez Montelongo R, Gómez Guerra LS. Use of alfuzosin for expulsion of stones in the distal third of ureter. Actas Urol Esp 2009; 33: 100510
  • 6
    Ahmed AF, Al-Sayed AY. Tamsulosin versus alfuzosin in the treatment of patients with distal ureteral stones: prospective, randomized, comparative study. Korean J Urol 2010; 51: 1937
  • 7
    Bensalah K, Pearle M, Lotan Y. Cost-effectiveness of medical expulsive therapy using alpha-blockers for the treatment ofdistal ureteral stones. Eur Urol 2008; 53: 4118
  • 8
    Sáenz Medina J, Alarcón Parra RO, Redondo González E et al. Prognostic factors of spontaneous expulsion in ureteral lithiasis. Actas Urol Esp 2010; 34: 8827
  • 9
    Hermanns T, Sauermann P, Rufibach K, Frauenfelder T, Sulser T, Strebel RT. Is there a role for tamsulosin in the treatment of distal ureteral stones of 7 mm or less? Results of a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Eur Urol 2009; 56: 40712
  • 10
    Griwan MS, Singh SK, Paul H, Pawar DS, Verma M. The efficacy of tamsulosin in lower ureteral calculi. Urol Ann 2010; 2: 636
  • 11
    Coll DM, Varanelli MJ, Smith RC. Relationship of spontaneous passage of ureteral calculi to stone size and location as revealed by unenhanced helical CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2002; 178: 1013
  • 12
    Ueno A, Kawamura T, Ogawa A, Takayasu H. Relation of spontaneous passage of ureteral calculi to size. Urology 1977; 10: 5446
  • 13
    Hubner WA, Irby P, Stoller ML. Natural history and current concepts for the treatment of small ureteral calculi. Eur Urol 1993; 24: 1726
  • 14
    Morse RM, Resnick MI. Ueteral calculi: natural history and treatment in an era of advanced technology. J Urol 1991; 145: 2635
  • 15
    Miller F, Kane CJ. Time to stone passage for ureteral calculi; a guide for patient education. J Urol 1999; 162: 68891
  • 16
    Sfoungaristos S, Kavouras A, Perimenis P. Predictors for spontaneous stone passage in patients with renal colic secondary to ureteral calculi. Int Urol Nephrol 2012; 44: 719
  • 17
    Nuss GR, Rackley JD, Assimos DG. Adjunctive therapy to promote stone passage. Rev Urol 2005; 7: 6774
  • 18
    Tadayyon F, Yazdani M, Ebadzadeh M. A comparison study between theophylline and placebo in passage of ureteral stones. Urol J 2004; 1: 2047