SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2010. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/Research/CancerFactsFigures/CancerFactsFigures/cancer-facts-and-figures-2010. Accessed 22 January, 2011
  • 2
    Bergstrom R, Adami HO, Mohner M et al. Increase in testicular cancer incidence in six European countries: a birth cohort phenomenon. J Natl Cancer Inst 1996; 88: 72733
  • 3
    McGlynn KA, Devesa SS, Sigurdson AJ, Brown LM, Tsao L, Tarone RE. Trends in the incidence of testicular germ cell tumors in the United States. Cancer 2003; 97: 6370
  • 4
    Ulbright TM. Testis risk and prognostic factors. The pathologist's perspective. Urol Clin North Am 1999; 26: 61126
  • 5
    Freeman A, Harland SJ. Testis cancer. In Mundy AR, Fitzpatrick JM, Neale DE, George NJ eds, The Scientific Basis of Urology, London and New York: Taylor and Francis, 1999: 46992
  • 6
    Fosså SD, Chen J, Schonfeld SJ et al. Risk of contralateral testicular cancer: a population-based study of 29,515 U.S. men. J Natl Cancer Inst 2005; 97: 105666
  • 7
    Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Methods Guide for Effectiveness and Comparative Effectiveness Reviews. AHRQ publication no. 10(11)-EHC063-EF. Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2011
  • 8
    Adham WK, Raval BK, Uzquiano MC, Lemos LB. Best cases from the AFIP: bilateral testicular tumors: seminoma and mixed germ cell tumor. Radiographics 2005; 25: 8359
  • 9
    Akdogan B, Divrik RT, Tombul T et al. Bilateral testicular germ cell tumors in Turkey: increase in incidence in last decade and evaluation of risk factors in 30 patients. J Urol 2007; 178: 12933
  • 10
    Alsikafi NF, Gerber GS. Bilateral metachronous testicular seminoma associated with microlithiasis. J Urol 1998; 159: 16434
  • 11
    Bach AM, Hann LE, Shi W et al. Is there an increased incidence of contralateral testicular cancer in patients with intratesticular microlithiasis? AJR Am J Roentgenol 2003; 180: 497500
  • 12
    Bucci S, Liguori G, Buttazzi L, Bussani R, Trombetta C. Bilateral testicular carcinoma in patient with the persistent müllerian duct syndrome. J Urol 2002; 167: 1790
  • 13
    Che M, Tamboli P, Ro JY et al. Bilateral testicular germ cell tumors: twenty-year experience at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. Cancer 2002; 95: 122833
  • 14
    Colls BM, Harvey VJ, Skelton L, Thompson PI, Frampton CM. Bilateral germ cell testicular tumors in New Zealand: experience in Auckland and Christchurch 1978–1994. J Clin Oncol 1996; 14: 20615
  • 15
    Coogan CL, Foster RS, Simmons GR, Tognoni PG, Roth BJ, Donohue JP. Bilateral testicular tumors: management and outcome in 21 patients. Cancer 1998; 83: 54752
  • 16
    Daniel C, Fizazi K, Culine S, Zelek L, Wibault P, Theodore C. Metachronous gonadal and extragonadal primaries, or late relapse of germ cell tumor? Urol Oncol 2001; 6: 4952
  • 17
    Demir A, Onol FF, Eren F, Türkeri L. Testis-sparing surgery in an adult with bilateral synchronous seminomatous tumor. Int J Urol 2004; 11: 11424
  • 18
    Fukagai T, Kurosawa K, Sudo N et al. Bilateral testicular tumors in an infertile man previously treated with follicle-stimulating hormones. Urology 2005; 65: 592
  • 19
    Gasent Blesa JM, Laforga Canales J, Romero Pérez P et al. Young male patient with bilateral synchronous testicular germ cell tumour. Considerations for partial orchiectomy. Clin Transl Oncol 2008; 10: 8502
  • 20
    Géczi L, Gomez F, Bak M, Bodrogi I. The incidence, prognosis, clinical and histological characteristics, treatment, and outcome of patients with bilateral germ cell testicular cancer in Hungary. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2003; 129: 30915
  • 21
    Hammerich KH, Schroeck FR, West D, Moul JW. Simultaneously detected bilateral testicular cancer of different histopathological origin – a challenging situation for the urologist. Oncology (Huntingt) 2010; 24: 75760
  • 22
    Heidenreich A, Bonfig R, Derschum W, von Vietsch H, Wilbert DM. A conservative approach to bilateral testicular germ cell tumors. J Urol 1995; 153: 103
  • 23
    Hentrich M, Weber N, Bergsdorf T, Liedl B, Hartenstein R, Gerl A. Management and outcome of bilateral testicular germ cell tumors: twenty-five year experience in Munich. Acta Oncol 2005; 44: 52936
  • 24
    Wanderås EH, Fosså SD, Tretli S. Risk of a second germ cell cancer after treatment of a primary germ cell cancer in 2201 Norwegian male patients. Eur J Cancer 1997; 33: 24452
  • 25
    Holzbeierlein JM, Sogani PC, Sheinfeld J. Histology and clinical outcomes in patients with bilateral testicular germ cell tumors: the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center experience 1950 to 2001. J Urol 2003; 169: 21225
  • 26
    James FV, Kumar A, Jayaprakash PG, Mathews A. Metachronous bilateral testicular germ cell tumors: report of two cases. J Cancer Res Ther 2009; 5: 2067
  • 27
    Kaplan M, Klein EA. Bilateral metachronous testicular seminoma. Nat Clin Pract Urol 2005; 2: 45760
  • 28
    Khan M, Ali Shah SN, Hussain M. Case report bilateral simultaneous testicular seminoma: a case report and review of literature. JPMI 2008; 22: 2478
  • 29
    Kirkali Z, Tüzel E, Canda AE, Mungan MU. Testis sparing surgery for the treatment of a sequential bilateral testicular germ cell tumor. Int J Urol 2001; 8: 7102
  • 30
    Klatte T, de Martino M, Arensmeier K, Reiher F, Allhoff EP, Klatte D. Management and outcome of bilateral testicular germ cell tumors: a 25-year single center experience. Int J Urol 2008; 15: 8216
  • 31
    Leocádio DE, Stein BS. A case of synchronous bilateral spermatocytic seminoma. Urol Oncol 2008; 26: 2023
  • 32
    Morales-Barrera R, Valverde C, Rodón J et al. Bilateral testicular germ cell tumours: a single hospital experience. Clin Transl Oncol 2010; 12: 299302
  • 33
    Ohyama C, Kyan A, Satoh M et al. Bilateral testicular tumors: a report of nine cases with long-term follow-up. Int J Urol 2002; 9: 1737
  • 34
    Ondrus D, Hornák M, Mat'oska J. Bilateral testicular germ-cell tumors – a single centre long-term experience. Int Urol Nephrol 2001; 33: 5214
  • 35
    Pamenter B, De Bono JS, Brown IL et al. Bilateral testicular cancer: a preventable problem? Experience from a large cancer centre. BJU Int 2003; 92: 436
  • 36
    Patel SR, Richardson RL, Kvols L. Synchronous and metachronous bilateral testicular tumors. Mayo Clinic experience. Cancer 1990; 65: 14
  • 37
    Redmond J 3rd, Samaha MA Jr, Charles RS et al. Bilateral synchronous testicular germ cell cancer. South Med J 1995; 88: 3058
  • 38
    Resnick MJ, Canter D, Brucker BM, Kutikov A, Guzzo TJ, Wein AJ, Medscape. A case of synchronous bilateral testicular seminoma. Nat Clin Pract Urol 2008; 5: 397401
  • 39
    Sonneveld DJ, Schraffordt Koops H, Sleijfer DT, Hoekstra HJ. Bilateral testicular germ cell tumours in patients with initial stage I disease: prevalence and prognosis – a single centre's 30 years' experience. Eur J Cancer 1998; 34: 13637
  • 40
    Tabernero J, Paz-Ares L, Salazar R et al. Incidence of contralateral germ cell testicular tumors in South Europe: report of the experience at 2 Spanish university hospitals and review of the literature. J Urol 2004; 171: 1647
  • 41
    Tekin A, Aygun YC, Aki FT, Ozen H. Bilateral germ cell cancer of the testis: a report of 11 patients with a long-term follow-up. BJU Int 2000; 85: 8648
  • 42
    Theodore C, Terrier-Lacombe MJ, Laplanche A et al. Bilateral germ-cell tumours: 22-year experience at the Institut Gustave Roussy. Br J Cancer 2004; 90: 559
  • 43
    Tomita E, Kondo T, Nakazawa H, Ito F, Hashimoto Y, Tanabe K. Successful testis preservation for bilateral testicular tumors with a new chemotherapy-based protocol: initial results of three cases. Int J Urol 2007; 14: 87982
  • 44
    Vénuat AM, Droz JP, Terrier-Lacombe MJ, Machavoine C, Bernheim A. Cytogenetic study of a case of synchronous bilateral seminoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1995; 81: 179
  • 45
    Park DS, Prow DM, Amato RJ, Ro JY, Logothetis CJ. Clinical characteristics of metachronous bilateral testicular tumors in the chemotherapeutic era. Yonsei Med J 1999; 40: 13743
  • 46
    Cañís Sánchez D, Conde Santos G, Alonso Gracia N, De León Morales E, Arango Toro O, Gelabert Mas A. Diagnostic and therapeutic approach to bilateral germinal tumor. Presentation of a case and review of the literature. Actas Urol Esp 2003; 27: 14751
  • 47
    Carrión López P, Pastor Navarro H, Martínez Ruiz J, Giménez Bachs JM, Lorenzo Romero JG, Virseda Rodríguez JA. Synchronous bilateral seminoma. Actas Urol Esp 2009; 33: 840
  • 48
    Cuervo Pinna C, Rodríguez Rincón JP, Abengozar García-Moreno A et al. Bilaterally synchronous mixed germ cell testicular tumor. Arch Esp Urol 1998; 51: 4779
  • 49
    García Morúa A, Gutiérrez García JD, Ortiz Lara Gerardo E, Martínez Montelongo R, Gómez Guerra Lauro S. Synchronous bilateral testicular seminoma in an adult patient with bilateral cryptorchidism: a case report and literature review. Actas Urol Esp 2010; 34: 2101
  • 50
    López PC, Navarro HP, Bachs JM et al. Bilateral synchronic testicular tumour of different histology. Arch Esp Urol 2008; 61: 7414
  • 51
    Muñoz Vélez D, Mus Malleu A, Rebassa Llull M et al. Bilateral germ tumors of the testis. Report of 5 cases and review of the literature. Actas Urol Esp 2000; 24: 6329
  • 52
    Oliveira Soares R, Pinto Correia T, Cardoso A et al. Synchronous bilateral seminoma. Arch Esp Urol 2011; 64: 6973
  • 53
    Planelles Gómez J, Vergés Prósper A, Rubio Tortosa I et al. Bilateral synchronic testicular tumor with germ cell intratubular neoplasia foci: case report. Arch Esp Urol 2007; 60: 2057
  • 54
    Planelles Gómez J, Beltrán Armada JR, Tarín Planes M, Vergés Prosper A, Rubio Tortosa I, Gil Salom M. Bilateral testicular cancer: a report of four cases. Actas Urol Esp 2007; 31: 111722
  • 55
    Soto Delgado M, Pedrero Márquez G, Ramírez Chamorro F, Rodríguez-Rubio Cortadellas F, Sánchez Bernal C, González Moreno D. Bilateral and synchronic testicular neoplasia. A report of a new case. Actas Urol Esp 2007; 31: 5860
  • 56
    Tavolini IM, Oliva G, Nigro F et al. Synchronous and metachronous bilateral tumors of the testis: a single institution experience of 11 cases and review of the literature. Arch Ital Urol Androl 1999; 71: 15564
  • 57
    Albers P, Albrecht W, Algaba F et al. EAU Guidelines on Testicular Cancer: 2011 Update. Eur Urol 2011; 60: 30419
  • 58
    Heidenreich A, Moul JW. Contralateral testicular biopsy procedure in patients with unilateral testis cancer: is it indicated? Sem. Urol Oncol 2002; 20: 2348
  • 59
    Dieckmann KP, Kulejewski M, Pichlmeier U et al. Diagnosis of contralateral testicular intraepithelial neoplasia (TIN) in patients with testicular germ cell cancer: systematic two-site biopsies are more sensitive than a single random biopsy. Eur Urol 2007; 51: 17585
  • 60
    Kliesch S, Thomaidis T, Schütte B et al. Update on the diagnostic safety for detection of testicular intraepithelial neoplasia (TIN). APMIS 2003; 111: 704
  • 61
    Chia VM, Quraishi SM, Devesa SS, Purdue MP, Cook MB, McGlynn KA. International trends in the incidence of testicular cancer, 1973–2002. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2010; 19: 11519
  • 62
    Heidenriech A, Weibach L, Holtl W et al. Organ sparing surgery for malignant germ cell tumour of the testis. J Urol 2001; 166: 21615
  • 63
    Lawrentschuk N, Zuniga A, Grabowksi AC, Rendon RA, Jewett MA. Partial orchiectomy for presumed malignancy in patients with a solitary testis due to a prior germ cell tumor: a large North American experience. J Urol 2011; 185: 50813
  • 64
    Osterlind A, Berthelsen JG, Abildgaard N et al. Risk of bilateral testicular germ cell cancer in Denmark: 1960–1984. J Natl Cancer Inst 1991; 83: 13915
  • 65
    Bray F, Ferlay J, Devesa SS, McGlynn KA, Møller H. Interpreting the international trends in testicular seminoma and nonseminoma incidence. Nat Clin Pract Urol 2006; 3: 53243
  • 66
    Chung P, Warde P. Stage I seminoma: adjuvant treatment is effective but is it necessary? J Natl Cancer Inst 2011; 103: 1946
  • 67
    Winter C, Albers P. Testicular germ cell tumors: pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment. Nat Rev Endocrinol 2011; 7: 4353
  • 68
    Oliver RT, Mead GM, Rustin GJ et al. Randomized trial of carboplatin versus radiotherapy for stage I seminoma: mature results on relapse and contralateral testis cancer rates in MRC TE19/EORTC 30982 study (ISRCTN27163214). J Clin Oncol 2011; 29: 95762
  • 69
    Alberts P, Gol A, Bierhoff E et al. Clinical course and histopathology risk factor assessment in patients with bilateral testicular germ cell tumors. Urology 1999; 54: 7148
  • 70
    Van Basten JPA, Hoekstra HJ, Van Driel MF et al. Cisplatin-based chemotherapy changes the incidence of bilateral testicular cancer. Ann Surg Oncol 1997; 4: 3428
  • 71
    Renehan AG, Egger M, Saunders MP, O'Dwyer ST. Impact on survival of intensive follow up after curative resection for colorectal cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials. BMJ 2002; 324: 18