Randomized phase II study of danusertib in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after docetaxel failure
Correspondence: Hielke J. Meulenbeld, Department of Medical Oncology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center, Groene Hilledijk 301, 3008 AE Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add?
- Since their discovery aurora kinases have been identified as a potential target in anticancer therapy and currently many aurora-selective small molecule kinase inhibitors are in development. Aurora kinases play an essential role as key mitotic regulators and are frequently overexpressed in prostate cancer. In vivo data in the transgenic mouse prostate carcinoma model revealed tumour regressions of >80% in three out of 16 animals and disease stabilizations in 10 out of 16 animals treated with danusertib. Two phase I dose escalation studies with danusertib in patients with advanced solid tumours were performed, which established two doses and schedules for phase II studies. However, the preliminary data of the available phase II studies with danusertib in solid tumours showed limited activity. Danusertib may yield more activity in the treatment of leukaemias than in solid tumours. Danusertib is generally well tolerated with neutropenia as the main dose limiting toxicity.
- This phase II study determined the efficacy and toxicity of danusertib administered intravenously over two different dosing schedules in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) with progressive disease after docetaxel-based treatment. Danusertib showed in vivo antitumour activity in prostate cancer models and clinically relevant disease stabilizations were observed in several patients with solid tumours in phase I studies. However, our study revealed that monotherapy with danusertib, although well tolerated, showed only limited activity in the treatment of patients with CRPC. In view of the new advances in the treatment of patients with CRPC and the negative result of our study it is unlikely that danusertib will be further explored for the treatment of patients with CRPC. Further studies are required to establish specific biomarkers predictive for either response or prolonged disease stabilization to select subsets of patients with CRPC who may benefit from treatment with danusertib.
- To determine the efficacy and toxicity of danusertib (formerly PHA-739358) administered i.v. over two different dosing schedules with equivalent dose intensity in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer with progressive disease after docetaxel-based treatment.
Patients and Methods
- In this open-label, multicentre phase II trial 88 patients were randomly assigned (1:1 ratio) to receive either danusertib 330 mg/m2 over 6 h i.v. on days 1, 8 and 15 (arm A, n = 43) or 500 mg/m2 over 24 h i.v. on days 1 and 15 (arm B, n = 38), every 4 weeks.
- The primary endpoint chosen for this exploratory study was PSA response rate at 3 months.
- Sixty patients (31/43 in arm A and 29/38 in arm B) were evaluable for the primary endpoint.
- Median progression-free survival was 12 weeks in both arms.
- PSA response occurred in one patient in each arm; best overall response was stable disease in eight (18.6%) and 13 (34.2%) patients in arms A and B, respectively.
- Eleven out of 81 (13.6%) treated patients had stable disease for ≥6 months.
- Danusertib was generally well tolerated; the most common grade 3 and 4 drug-related adverse event was neutropenia which occurred in 37.2% (arm A) and 15.8% (arm B) of the patients.
- Danusertib monotherapy shows minimal efficacy in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. Further studies are required to establish specific biomarkers predictive for either response or prolonged disease stabilization.