Lower urinary tract symptoms and depression

Authors


Maximilian Rom, Department of Urology, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. e-mail: maximilian.rom@meduniwien.ac.at

Abstract

Study Type – Symptom prevalence (cohort)

Level of Evidence 2b

What's known on the subject? and What does the study add?

Depression plays an important role in pathogenesis of BPH. Our study shows that prostatic symptoms can be helpful in the screening for depression.

OBJECTIVE

  • • To evaluate the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and depression in men through validated questionnaires.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

  • • Healthy male workers (n= 673) were invited to a free health check-up.
  • • Patients underwent a detailed medical examination.
  • • All participants completed the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).

RESULTS

  • • Under multiple logistic regression analysis (adjusted for total testosterone and age), a significant effect of IPSS on BDI score was observed: mild depression (BDI score >9): odds ratio (OR) 1.092, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.056–1.129; P < 0.001; moderate-to-severe depression (BDI score >19): OR 1.093, 95% CI 1.031–1.159; P= 0.003; and severe depression (BDI score >29): OR 1.176, 95% CI 1.048–1.320; P= 0.006.

CONCLUSIONS

  • • In healthy men, LUTS are significantly associated with depression.
  • • The treatment of LUTS is very important for the mental health of older men.

Ancillary