A randomized study of orlistat in combination with a weight management programme in obese patients with Type 2 diabetes treated with metformin
Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2004
Volume 22, Issue 5, pages 612–618, May 2005
How to Cite
Berne, C. and the Orlistat Swedish Type 2 diabetes Study Group (2005), A randomized study of orlistat in combination with a weight management programme in obese patients with Type 2 diabetes treated with metformin. Diabetic Medicine, 22: 612–618. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2004.01474.x
- Issue online: 25 JAN 2005
- Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2004
- Accepted 15 June 2004
- Type 2 diabetes;
- haemoglobin A1c;
- cardiovascular risk factors
Aims To assess the effects of orlistat vs. placebo, in combination with a weight management programme, on weight loss and metabolic control in obese patients with Type 2 diabetes.
Methods Patients treated with either metformin alone or metformin in combination with sulphonylurea were randomized to double-blind treatment with orlistat or placebo (120 mg) three times daily, combined with a mildly reduced calorie diet and a weight management programme for 52 weeks. Changes in body weight, anthropometry, glycaemic control and lipid profile were assessed.
Results After 52 weeks, orlistat-treated patients achieved an almost threefold greater reduction in weight compared with placebo recipients (−5.0% vs. −1.8%; P < 0.0001). The decrease in waist circumference was significantly greater with orlistat than placebo (−4.8 cm vs. −2.8 cm; P = 0.0022). Orlistat treatment was also associated with significantly greater reductions in haemoglobin A1c (−1.1% vs. −0.2%; P < 0.0001), fasting plasma glucose (−1.9 mmol/l vs. −0.3 mmol/l; P < 0.0001), total cholesterol (−0.2 mmol/l vs. 0.1 mmol/l; P = 0.03) and apolipoprotein B (−0.08 g/l vs. 0.01 g/l; P = 0.0085) and greater improvements in beta-cell function (P = 0.031) and insulin resistance (P = 0.001) assessed using the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA). Similar results were obtained for subgroups of patients treated with metformin alone or metformin in combination with sulphonylurea. Orlistat treatment reduced the requirement for anti-diabetic medication more than placebo.
Conclusions Orlistat, in combination with a reduced calorie diet and a weight management programme, promotes weight loss and clinically relevant improvements in glycaemic control and other cardiovascular risk factors in obese patients with Type 2 diabetes.