The prevalence of co-morbid depression in adults with Type 1 diabetes: systematic literature review
Article first published online: 24 MAR 2006
Volume 23, Issue 4, pages 445–448, April 2006
How to Cite
Barnard, K. D., Skinner, T. C. and Peveler, R. (2006), The prevalence of co-morbid depression in adults with Type 1 diabetes: systematic literature review. Diabetic Medicine, 23: 445–448. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2006.01814.x
- Issue published online: 24 MAR 2006
- Article first published online: 24 MAR 2006
- Accepted 4 August 2005
- co-morbid depression;
- Type 1 diabetes
Aim To review the literature estimating the cross-sectional prevalence of clinical depression in adults with Type 1 diabetes.
Methods Electronic databases and published references were used to identify studies published between January 2000 and June 2004, with a previous meta-analysis used to identify studies before 1 January 2000.
Results Between January 2000 and June 2004, a further five eligible studies were identified. Only one was a controlled study using diagnostic interviewing to determine rates of depression. Taking all of the eligible studies identified by the previous meta-analysis and this search, the prevalence of clinical depression in controlled studies was 12.0% for people with diabetes compared with 3.2% for control subjects. In studies with no control group, the prevalence of clinical depression was 13.4%.
Conclusion There are wide-ranging differences reported in the various studies on the prevalence of depression in Type 1 diabetes. In view of the differing methods of diagnosis and small participant numbers, the results should be viewed with caution. A controlled study using diagnostic interviewing techniques to determine levels of depression is recommended to provide a clearer picture of both the prevalence and characteristics of that depression.
Diabet. Med. 23, 445–448 (2006)