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Diabetes incidence does not differ between subjects with and without high depressive symptoms — 5-year follow-up results of the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study

Authors

  • A. Icks,

    1. Institute of Biometrics and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
    2. Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf
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    • Both authors contributed equally to the manuscript.

  • B. Albers,

    1. Institute of Biometrics and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
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    • Both authors contributed equally to the manuscript.

  • B. Haastert,

    1. mediStatistica, Neuenrade
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  • S. Pechlivanis,

    1. Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University Hospital of Essen
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  • B. Bokhof,

    1. Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University Hospital of Essen
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  • U. Slomiany,

    1. Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University Hospital of Essen
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  • R. Erbel,

    1. Clinic for Cardiology, University Hospital of Essen, Essen
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  • K.-H. Jöckel,

    1. Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University Hospital of Essen
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  • J. Kruse,

    1. Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Justus Liebig University, Giessen
    2. Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Philipps University, Marburg
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  • B. Nowotny,

    1. Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany
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  • C. Herder,

    1. Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany
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  • G. Giani,

    1. Institute of Biometrics and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
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  • S. Moebus,

    1. Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University Hospital of Essen
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  • for the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study Investigative Group and the German BMBF Competence Network for Diabetes Mellitus


Andrea Icks. E-mail: andrea.icks@ddz.uni-duesseldorf.de

Abstract

Diabet. Med. 30, 65–69 (2013)

Abstract

Aims  Cross-sectional studies have consistently reported evidence for an association between diabetes and depressive disorders. However, only limited prospective studies have examined this association, reporting conflicting results. In a population-based cohort study, we compared cumulative incidences of diabetes between participants with and without high depressive symptoms.

Method  We analysed the 5-year follow-up data from the German Heinz Nixdorf Recall study of 3547 participants without diabetes at baseline [mean age 58.8 (sd 7.6) years, 47.5% male]. Depressive symptoms were defined using the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (cut point ≥ 17). Diabetes (diagnosed or previously undetected) was identified by self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes, medication and high blood glucose levels. We estimated 5-year cumulative incidences with 95% confidence intervals and fitted multiple logistic regression models to calculate the odds ratios, adjusted for age, sex, physical activity, smoking, living with or without partner, and educational level.

Results  The cumulative incidence of diabetes was 9.2% (95% CI 6.312.8) in participants with high depressive symptoms at baseline and 9.0% (95% CI 8.010.0) in participants without these symptoms. The age- and sex-adjusted odds ratio of diabetes in participants with depressive symptoms compared with those without was 1.13 [95% CI 0.771.68; fully adjusted 1.11 (95% CI 0.741.65)]. These results did not substantially change in several additional sensitivity analyses.

Conclusion  Our study did not show a significantly increased risk of developing diabetes in individuals with high depressive symptoms compared with those without high depressive symptoms during a 5-year follow-up period.

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