Faculty development in tobacco cessation: Training health professionals and promoting tobacco control in developing countries

Authors


Myra L. Muramoto MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Family and Community Medicine, and Public Health, Harry Lando PhD, Professor, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health. Dr Myra L. Muramoto, University of Arizona, Department of Family and Community Medicine, 1450 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA. Tel: (520) 626 1090; Fax: (520) 626 1080; E-mail: myram@u.arizona.edu

Abstract

Issues. Cessation programs are essential components of comprehensive tobacco control. Health-care providers, especially physicians, have major responsibility for role modeling and promoting cessation. For successful, sustainable cessation training programs, countries need health-care professionals with knowledge and skills to deliver and teach tobacco cessation. Approach. Review literature relevant to faculty development in tobacco cessation and discuss its strategic potential in tobacco control. Key Findings. Faculty development is essential for sustainable tobacco cessation training programs, and a potentially powerful strategy to shift professional and societal norms towards cessation and support of comprehensive tobacco control in countries with normative tobacco use and underdeveloped tobacco control programs. Implications. Medical faculty are in a key position to influence tobacco cessation and control programs because of their roles as educators and researchers, receptivity to innovation and, influence on competencies and standards for medical education and practice. Faculty development programs must consider the number and type of faculty, and tobacco cessation curricula needed. Faculty development fosters the ability to institutionalise cessation education for students and community practitioners. Academic faculty are often leaders in their professional disciplines, influential in establishing clinical practice standards, and technical experts for government and other key health organisations. Conclusion. Training health-care professional faculty to become knowledgeable and committed to tobacco cessation opens opportunities to promote cessation and shift professional and societal norms away from tobacco use. [Muramoto ML, Lando H. Faculty development in tobacco cessation: Training health professionals and promoting tobacco control in developing countries. Drug Alcohol Rev 2009;28:498–506]

Ancillary