Stress-coping morbidity among family members of addiction patients in Singapore
Article first published online: 4 JUL 2011
© 2011 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs
Drug and Alcohol Review
Volume 30, Issue 4, pages 441–447, July 2011
How to Cite
LEE, K. M. T., MANNING, V., TEOH, H. C., WINSLOW, M., LEE, A., SUBRAMANIAM, M., GUO, S. and WONG, K. E. (2011), Stress-coping morbidity among family members of addiction patients in Singapore. Drug and Alcohol Review, 30: 441–447. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00301.x
- Issue published online: 4 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 4 JUL 2011
- Received 6 July 2010; accepted for publication 25 November 2010.
Introductions and Aims.Research from western countries indicates that family members of addiction patients report heightened stress and psychological morbidity. This current study aimed to examine stress, coping behaviours, related morbidity and subsequent resource utilisation among family members of patients attending a national treatment program in Singapore.
Design and Methods.The study used a matched case–control design. One hundred family members of addiction patients attending treatment and 100 matched controls completed a semi-structured interview with a researcher. This included the Beck Depression Inventory-II, Short-Form Health Survey-36, General Health Questionnaire-28, Perceived Stress Scale, Family Member Impact Scale and Coping Questionnaire, and also assessed service utilisation.
Results. T-tests revealed significantly greater depression, stress and psychiatric morbidity and poorer overall well-being (Short-Form Health Survey-36) among family members compared with controls. Despite the apparent negative impact on mental health, their physical morbidity did not differ from controls and services utilisation was low. Tolerant-inactive coping was found to be most strongly correlated with psychological well-being. Multivariate analysis indicated that perceived stress was the strongest predictor of overall strain (General Health Questionnaire), but this was not moderated by coping style.
Discussion and Conclusions.Subjective appraisal of stress and coping responses are essential factors affecting the morbidity of family members. Family members demonstrated a need and willingness to engage in formal treatment/counselling for their own problems that were attributed to living with an addiction patient. This provides an opportunity for stress management and brief interventions to modify coping styles, thereby minimizing the potential negative mental health impact on family members.[Lee KMT, Manning V, Teoh HC, Winslow M, Lee A, Subramaniam M, Guo S, Wong KE. Stress-coping morbidity among family members of addiction patients in Singapore. Drug Alcohol Rev 2011;30:441–447]