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The landscape of services for drug users in Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Chris Morrison BA (Hons), BSW, MPH, Research Fellow, Yacinta Kurniasih BA (Hons), MEd, Assistant Lecturer, Greg Barton BA (Hons), PhD, Herb Feith Research Professor for the Study of Indonesia. Mr Chris Morrison, PO Box 2000, Doncaster, Victoria 3108, Australia. Tel: +1 510 501 0956; E-mail:



Introduction and Aims.

Drug use has increased rapidly in Indonesia since the late 1990s. The formal drug treatment sector has grown within the bounds of available government funding; however, there is also a substantial informal sector which provides a range of services for current and former users. While information regarding the former is available from the provincial and national governments, there are few sources that detail the latter. The aim of the current study, therefore, is to document the drug treatment services in one Indonesian city, Yogyakarta.

Design and Methods.

This qualitative study utilised nine key informant interviews with drug treatment workers from nine government and non-government treatment services. Transcripts were analysed thematically.


There exists a patchwork of enthusiastic yet under-resourced non-government services that complement the government rehabilitation and withdrawal programs in Yogyakarta. The focus of most such services is on abstinence (including several faith-based residential rehabilitation programs); however, some harm reduction programs have emerged in recent years. Under-utilisation is a feature of many non-government services, and all respondents acknowledged a significant gap in service coordination.

Discussion and Conclusions.

Yogyakarta has a drug treatment sector in which most major treatment types are represented, and there appears to be potential for growth within many organisations. Nevertheless, the number and reach of the services are limited by a lack of resources and collaboration, and there are substantial cultural barriers to improving inter-organisational coordination. This study suggests that Yogyakarta and greater Indonesia may benefit from greater service coordination facilitated by local government.[Morrison C, Kurniasih Y, Barton G. The landscape of services for drug users in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Drug Alcohol Rev 2012;31:95–100]