YOUTH ALCOHOL USE AND PUBLIC POLICY

Authors

  • ADIT LAIXUTHAI,

  • FRANK J. CHALOUPKA

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    • *The authors are Ph.D. candidate, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, and Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Chicago, respectively. This is a revised version of a paper presented at the Western Economic Association International 67th Annual Conference, San Francisco, Calif., July 12, 1992 in a session organized by Frank J. Chaloupka and Michael T. French. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism supported this research under Grant Number ROl AA08359 to the National Bureau of Economic Research. The authors thank Michael Grossman, Michael T. French, J. Thomas Connelly, and two anonymous referees for helpful comments and assistance and to Patrick M. O'Malley and Jerome J. Hiniker, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, for providing restricted data sets from the Monitoring the Future surveys.


Abstract

This paper examines the frequencies of youth drinking and heavy drinking in 1982 and 1989 and separately examines the effects of minimum legal drinking ages and beer excise taxes for each year. In both years, drinking is responsive to price changes resulting from higher excise taxes. However, the price sensitivity of youth alcohol use fell after states changed to a uniform minimum legal drinking age of 21.

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