DO PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT LAWS REDUCE ADOLESCENT ABORTION RATES?

Authors

  • ROBERT L. OHSFELDT,

  • STEPHAN F. GOHMANN

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    • *The authors are Associate Professor, Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, and Associate Professor, Department of Economics, University of Louisville. This is a revised version of a paper presented at the Western Economic Association International 68th Annual Conference, Lake Tahoe, Nev. The Lister Hill Center for Health Policy, University of Alabama at Birmingham, provided partial financial support for this research. The authors are responsible for the views expressed.


Abstract

This study assesses the impact of parental involvement laws on adolescent abortion rates and pregnancy rates. The analysis estimates abortion rate and pregnancy rate models using state-level data pooled over time for adolescents aged 15–17 compared to older teens aged 18–19 and adults aged 20–44. The results indicate that parental involvement laws reduce adolescent abortion rates and may, to a lessor degree, reduce adolescent pregnancy rates. Thus, the findings imply that enforcement of parental involvement laws will increase adolescent fertility rates.

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