GENDER DIFFERENCES IN NATIVE PREFERENCES TOWARD UNDOCUMENTED AND LEGAL IMMIGRATION: EVIDENCE FROM SAN DIEGO

Authors

  • CATALINA AMUEDO-DORANTES,

    1. Amuedo-Dorantes: Department of Economics, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182. Phone (619) 594-1663, Fax (619) 594-5062, E-mail camuedod@mail.sdsu.edu
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  • THITIMA PUTTITANUN

    1. Puttitanun: Department of Economics, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182. Phone (619) 594-3556, Fax (619) 594-5062, E-mail tputtita@mail.sdsu.edu
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    • The authors are grateful to Bo Kolody for providing the data set used in the paper, Susan Pozo, participants at the Thirtieth Annual Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management Research Conference, and the anonymous referees for their helpful comments and suggestions.


Abstract

The literature has noted that native views about legal as opposed to undocumented immigration in the United States differ. Furthermore, native views about immigration are known to vary by gender. Yet, most surveys do not inquire native men and women about their views with regards to the two distinct immigrant groups, thus impeding an analysis of differences in preferences toward legal and undocumented immigrants from the same sample of natives. Using a recent San Diego County survey, we examine differences in native male and female opinions with regard to legal and undocumented immigration and their determinants. Native preferences toward immigration appear to significantly differ by gender as well as according to immigrants' legal status. In addition, public finance and welfare concerns are among the key factors driving native male and female preferences toward legal and undocumented immigration. However, native women's attitudes are also impacted by concerns regarding the social integration and economic assimilation of undocumented immigrants possibly related to the alleged prejudice factor. (JEL J61, F22)

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