We thank the University of Chicago Graduate School of Business and the Centel Foundation/Robert P. Reuss Faculty Research Fund, for research support; Terry Bourne, David Fay, Rick Larrick, Walter Park, Peter Pashigian, Alex Pfaff, Craig Scalise, Fiona Scott Morton, Seminar Participants at the University of Chicago and Charles River Associates, and two anonymous referees, forhelpful comments; and Henry Shih and Kyoung Rim Lee, For research assistance. The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of charles River Associates or Mckinsey and Company.
Which countries protect intellectual property? The case of software piracy
Version of Record online: 26 MAR 2007
Volume 38, Issue 2, pages 159–174, April 2000
How to Cite
Marron, D. and Steel, D. (2000), Which countries protect intellectual property? The case of software piracy. Economic Inquiry, 38: 159–174. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2000.tb00011.x
- Issue online: 26 MAR 2007
- Version of Record online: 26 MAR 2007
Using data on software piracy, we examine how protection of intellectual property varies across countries. Consistent with other studies, we find that intellectual property receives greater protection in developed economies; high-income countries have lower piracy rates. We also find that protection depends on cultural factors. Countries with an individualist culture have lower piracy rates than do countries with a collectivist culture. Piracy rates are also lower in countries that have strong institutions that enforce contracts and protect property from expropriation. These results suggest that national policies toward intellectual property reflect not only economic concerns but also national culture and institutions.