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KILLING THE GOOSE THAT LAYS THE GOLDEN EGG: INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN HONG KONG

Authors

  • NICOLAAS GROENEWOLD,

    1. Groenewold: Associate Professor, School of Economics and Commerce, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia. Phone +618 6488 3345, Fax +618 6488 1016, E-mail nic.groenewold@uwa.edu.au
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      We are indebted to two anonymous referees for comments on a previous draft.

  • SAM HAK KAN TANG

    1. Tang: Lecturer, School of Economics and Commerce, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia. Phone +618 6488 2931, Fax +618 6488 1016, E-mail sam.tang@uwa.edu.au
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    • *

      We are indebted to two anonymous referees for comments on a previous draft.


Abstract

This article examines how the rule of law and democratic accountability have affected Hong Kong’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate in the past 20 yr. We find that democratic accountability has deteriorated substantially since the changeover of sovereignty in 1997, while the rule of law has remained strong and stable. Empirical results from autoregressive distributed lag bounds tests show a positive long-run relationship between growth and democratic accountability, and Granger causality tests reveal that democratic accountability causes the growth rate of GDP in the short run. These conclusions are robust to control for the effects of investment and the Asian financial crisis in 1997. (JEL O18, O49, P17)

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