ACROSS TIME AND REGIMES: 212 YEARS OF THE US-UK REAL EXCHANGE RATE

Authors

  • WILLIAM D. CRAIGHEAD

    1. Craighead: Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Farmer School of Business, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056. Phone 1-513-529-2849, Fax 1-513-529-8047, E-mail craighwd@muohio.edu
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      I am grateful to George Davis, David Hineline, Ming Lo, and John James as well as the coeditor, Dean Corbae, an anonymous referee, and participants at the 2006 Southern Economic Association and 2008 Midwest Economic Association annual meetings for helpful comments. Any mistakes are, of course, my own.


Abstract

The behavior of the US-UK real exchange rate over the period 1794–2005 is examined. This series includes five intervals of floating nominal exchange rates and four fixed exchange rate regime periods. A consistent pattern of higher real exchange rate volatility under floating nominal rates is shown. Over time, real exchange rate movements have increasingly been driven by movements in the nominal exchange rate rather than relative prices. The persistence of the real exchange rate has been considerably higher in the postwar period. (JEL F31, N20)

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