COMPARING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF REGULATION AND PRO-SOCIAL EMOTIONS TO ENHANCE COOPERATION: EXPERIMENTAL EVIDENCE FROM FISHING COMMUNITIES IN COLOMBIA

Authors

  • MARIA CLAUDIA LOPEZ,

    1. Lopez: Assistant Professor, School of Environmental and Rural Studies, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Bogotá, Colombia; Visiting Scholar, Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47408. Phone 571-3208320 ext. 4834, Fax 571-3208156, E-mail mlopez@javeriana.edu.co
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  • JAMES J. MURPHY,

    1. Murphy: Rasmuson Chair of Economics, Department of Economics, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK 99508; Adjunct Professor, Department of Resource Economics, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003. Phone 1-907-786-1936, Fax 1-907-786-4415, E-mail murphy@uaa.alaska.edu
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  • JOHN M. SPRAGGON,

    1. Spraggon: Associate Professor, Department of Resource Economics, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003. Phone 1-413-545-6651, Fax 1-41 3-545-5853, E-mail john.spraggon@gmail.com
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  • JOHN K. STRANLUND

    1. Stranlund: Professor, Department of Resource Economics, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA 01003. Phone 1-413-545-6328, Fax 1-413-545-5853, E-mail stranlund@resecon.umass.edu
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    • We are particularly grateful to Maria Alejandra Velez for her help with this research. In addition, the field research benefitted greatly from the efforts of Ana Maria Roldan, Laura Estevez, Melisa Arboleda, and Juan Carlos Rocha. The experiments would not have been possible without the help of the fishermen associations of San Andres and Providencia that helped the research team to develop credibility with local community members. Additional credit is due the Secretaria de Pesca del Departamento de San Andres. Thanks are due the members of the School of Environmental and Rural Studies at Universidad Javeriana, Colombia, for their ideas and support. Juan Camilo Cardenas provided critical comments on the experimental design. We also received valuable suggestions from James Boyce, Samuel Bowles and Elinor Ostrom. Wendy Varner and Susanne Hale provided administrative support. Financial support from the U.S. Embassy in Bogotá is gratefully acknowledged. We assume complete responsibility for the final contents of this paper.


Abstract

This paper presents the results from a series of framed field experiments conducted in fishing communities off the Caribbean coast of Colombia. The goal is to investigate the relative effectiveness of exogenous regulatory pressure and pro-social emotions in promoting cooperative behavior in a public goods context. The random public revelation of an individual's contribution and its consequences for the rest of the group leads to significantly higher public good contributions and social welfare than regulatory pressure, even under regulations that are designed to motivate fully efficient contributions. (JEL C93, H41, Q20, Q28)

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