The effects of a nursing smoking cessation intervention on military students in Turkey
Article first published online: 12 FEB 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 International Council of Nurses
International Nursing Review
Volume 56, Issue 1, pages 102–108, March 2009
How to Cite
Ergul, S. and Temel, A.B. (2009), The effects of a nursing smoking cessation intervention on military students in Turkey. International Nursing Review, 56: 102–108. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2008.00695.x
- Issue published online: 12 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 12 FEB 2009
- Nursing Interventions;
- Smoking Cessation;
- Transtheoretical Model;
- Turkish Air Force Students
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a nursing smoking cessation intervention based on the Transtheoretical Model of change on a sample of military students.
Methods: The quasi-experimental and longitudinal designs were used with a sample of 36 smokers from a Turkish air force school of higher education system. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews conducted in 1 December 2004–30 June 2005 at pre-intervention and at each follow-up.
Results: At the end of the programme, the mean scores related to the perceived ‘cons’ of smoking increased significantly (P < 0.05). The students' self-efficacy mean scores increased significantly (P < 0.01). The students' stages of change before and after the programme were significant (P < 0.01). The mean number of cigarettes smoked per day before the programme was 14.8 (SD = 5.9) and after the programme was 9.6 (SD = 6.4) at the 6-month follow-up (P < 0.05). The quit rate was 8.3% at the 6-month follow-up.
Conclusions: The interventions by the nurses in the smoking cessation programme were effective, resulting in a positive change in attitude and behaviour that would support the students' smoking cessation and the process of cessation.