Internationally educated nurses: profiling workforce diversity
Article first published online: 13 MAY 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 International Council of Nurses
International Nursing Review
Volume 56, Issue 2, pages 191–197, June 2009
How to Cite
Blythe, J. and Baumann, A. (2009), Internationally educated nurses: profiling workforce diversity. International Nursing Review, 56: 191–197. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2008.00699.x
- Issue published online: 13 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 13 MAY 2009
- Internationally Educated Nurses;
- Workforce Profiling
Aim: Nurses with diverse educational and cultural backgrounds are likely to adapt differently to new workforces. The aim of this study was to provide a profile of nurses educated in different countries who are employed in a major settlement jurisdiction.
Background: Despite difficulties in measuring its magnitude, it is evident that nurse migration has increased as a result of globalization. Major destinations for internationally educated nurses (IENs) include the USA, Canada, the UK, Australia and the Gulf States. Chief donor countries include the Philippines, India and other South Asian countries. Half of all IENs registered in Canada work in the province of Ontario.
Methods: Published literature and secondary data were used to profile cohorts of nurses educated in different countries who are employed in the Ontario workforce.
Findings: Statistics available on IENs in Ontario reveal a largely urban settlement pattern. There are major differences among IEN cohorts in terms of age, gender, work status, and type and place of employment.
Discussion and conclusions: Although IENs resident in Ontario could not be quantified, a relatively detailed description of IENs in the workforce was possible. Comparison of nurse cohorts indicated that generalizations about IENs should be made with caution. Changes in regulatory conditions have a significant effect on IEN employment. Difficulties associated with international educational and regulatory differences illustrate the need to create global nursing standards. Further investigation of differences in workforce profiles should provide insights leading to improved utilization of IENs.