Professionalism: the major factor influencing job satisfaction among Korean and Chinese nurses
Article first published online: 11 AUG 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 International Council of Nurses
International Nursing Review
Volume 56, Issue 3, pages 313–318, September 2009
How to Cite
Hwang, J.-I., Lou, F., Han, S.S., Cao, F., Kim, W.O. and Li, P. (2009), Professionalism: the major factor influencing job satisfaction among Korean and Chinese nurses. International Nursing Review, 56: 313–318. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-7657.2009.00710.x
- Issue published online: 11 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 11 AUG 2009
- International Studies;
- Job Satisfaction;
- Research in Practice
Background: The nursing shortage has become an internationally important issue. Nurses' professionalism and job satisfaction have been recognized as strong factors influencing their turnover. As international interchanges in nursing education are growing between Korea and China, understanding the commonalities and differences in factors associated with job satisfaction is critical to improving nurses' job retention.
Aim: To compare the factors influencing job satisfaction among Korean and Chinese nurses.
Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. The participants were comprised of 693 nurses at three general hospitals in Jinan, People's Republic of China and 593 nurses at two general hospitals in Seoul, Korea. A questionnaire was designed to measure the nurses' professionalism and job satisfaction. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to identify factors related to job satisfaction.
Results: Professionalism was the common factor influencing job satisfaction in Korean and Chinese nurses. Professionalism was positively related to job satisfaction in both groups. Additional factors associated with job satisfaction were demographics and job characteristics such as age, job position and department of work, which were significant only in Korean nurses.
Conclusions: Professionalism was the most important factor influencing job satisfaction in both Korean and Chinese nurses. Enhancing nursing professionalism is recommended as a common strategy to improve nurses' job retention across different healthcare systems.