• Adolescents;
  • Behaviours;
  • Botswana;
  • Stigmatization

THUPAYAGALE-TSHWENEAGAE G. (2010) Behaviours used by HIV-positive adolescents to prevent stigmatization in Botswana. International Nursing Review57, 260–264

Background:  The increasing numbers of adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are a compelling public health issue, and interventions are more likely to be effective if developed from the perspective of those adolescents. Despite the prevalence of HIV in Botswana, stigmatization is a common occurrence.

Aim:  The purpose of this paper is to report on the findings of a study undertaken to describe adolescents' perceptions in Botswana on the behaviours that HIV-positive adolescents use in dealing with stigmatization.

Method:  Four focus group discussions were held with 18 adolescents.

Findings:  Adhering to AIDS therapies, seeking early treatment for common conditions and keeping silent about their diagnosis were the major findings of the study.

Conclusion:  The findings have implications for both policy makers and health care practitioners.