IRMAK Z., EKINCI B. & AKGUL A.F. (2010) Hepatitis B and C seropositivity among nursing students at a Turkish university. International Nursing Review57, 365–369
Background: Viral hepatitis infections are major health problems, which are especially prevalent in developing countries. In particular, health care workers are at high risk for contracting viral hepatitis. Therefore, preventive measures to minimize occupational exposure to blood borne pathogens are needed to protect both health care workers and nursing students.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of Hepatitis B and C infections and risk factors among nursing students.
Methods: Venous bloods were obtained from nursing students and were serologically tested using the ELISA method. A questionnaire form was also used to obtain data related to demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the participants.
Results: 0.7% of the nursing students were serologically positive for HBsAg, 17.0% for Anti-HBs and 7.5% were positive for Anti-HBc (IgG). No statistical relationship was determined between all independent variables and the results of serologic tests.