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Keywords:

  • Environmental factors;
  • fish communities;
  • interspecific interactions;
  • lake;
  • local vs. regional influences;
  • reservoir;
  • species introductions;
  • species richness

ABSTRACT

Aim  To analyse the importance of local and regional influences on the patterns of species richness in natural and man-made lakes and to infer the impacts of human-mediated introductions on these patterns.

Location  France.

Methods  Species occurrence data were gathered for 25 natural and 51 man-made lakes. Analysis is based on regression models of local richness against their related regional richness and lake environmental variables.

Results  Local native richness was mostly controlled by the regional richness. Conversely, local total richness was mainly explained by local variables. These statements apply to both natural and man-made lakes. Lacustrine systems displayed weak resistance to invaders.

Main conclusions  Species introductions have apparently contributed to saturate fish communities in these systems even if no clear negative effect on the survival of native species (i.e. species extinction) is detectable so far.