Appendix S1 Using vegetation type mapping data as a historic reference.

Appendix S2 Figure showing photographs of four typical subalpine stands in the Sierra Nevada.

Appendix S3 Generalized linear mixed model results for the difference in stem abundance for all species combined by four size classes for modern versus historic plots for four different pairs of site types.

Appendix S4 Temperature trends for the Sierra Nevada region from 1895?2010.

Appendix S5 Precipitation trend for the Sierra Nevada region from 1895?2010.

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