Horizontal and vertical resource dilemmas in natural resource management: the case of African fisheries
Article first published online: 21 JUN 2012
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Fish and Fisheries
Volume 14, Issue 4, pages 616–624, December 2013
How to Cite
Sjöstedt, M. (2013), Horizontal and vertical resource dilemmas in natural resource management: the case of African fisheries. Fish and Fisheries, 14: 616–624. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2012.00481.x
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George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950), polymath, playwright, Nobel prize winner, and the most prolific letter writer in history, was an advocate of English spelling reform. He was reportedly fond of pointing out its absurdities by proving that ‘fish’ could be spelt ‘ghoti’. That is: ‘gh’ as in ‘rough’, ‘o’ as in ‘women’ and ‘ti’ as in palatial.
- Issue published online: 24 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 21 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 APR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 9 JAN 2012
- natural resource management;
- sub-Saharan Africa
The world's fisheries are under severe pressure. Yet, according to the marine trophic index, the health and stability of marine ecosystems vary greatly across countries. The argument developed and tested in this article holds that some of the sources of this variation can potentially be derived from differences in the character of two fundamental relationships in society – a horizontal one between resource users and a vertical relationship between the government and the resource users. The empirical analysis focuses on sub-Saharan Africa and finds that levels of ethnic and linguistic heterogeneity and levels of democracy in the year that each country declared its exclusive economic zone have a close relationship with ensuing marine exploitation patterns.