Anesthetic management of a white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) undergoing an emergency exploratory celiotomy for colic
Article first published online: 6 APR 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Association of Veterinary Anaesthetists
Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Volume 37, Issue 3, pages 280–285, May 2010
How to Cite
Valverde, A., Crawshaw, G. J., Cribb, N., Bellei, M., Gianotti, G., Arroyo, L., Koenig, J., Kummrow, M. and Costa, M. C. (2010), Anesthetic management of a white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) undergoing an emergency exploratory celiotomy for colic. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 37: 280–285. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-2995.2010.00534.x
- Issue published online: 6 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 6 APR 2010
- Received 12 February 2009; accepted 29 May 2009.
Observations A 26-year-old male white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum), weighing approximately 2000 kg was anesthetized for an exploratory celiotomy. Sedation was achieved with intramuscular butorphanol (0.04 mg kg−1) and detomidine (0.025 mg kg−1) and induction of anesthesia with intravenous glyceryl guaiacolate (50 g) and three intravenous boluses of ketamine (200 mg, each); the trachea was then intubated and anesthesia maintained with isoflurane in oxygen using a circle breathing system. Positioning in dorsal recumbency for the surgery and later in sternal recumbency for the recovery represented challenges that added to the prolonged anesthesia time and surgical approach to partially correct an impaction. The rhinoceros recovered uneventfully after 10.4 hours of recumbency.
Conclusions Anesthetic management for an exploratory celiotomy with a midline approach is possible in rhinoceroses, although planning and extensive staff support is necessary to adequately position the patient.