SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Asero R, Ballmer-Weber BK, Byer K et al. (2006) IgE-mediated food allergy diagnosis: current status and new perspectives. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research 51: 13547.
  • Aylin P, Williams S & Bottle A (2005) Obesity and type 2 diabetes in children 1996–7 to 2003–4. British Medical Journal 331: 1167.
  • Bamber DJ, Stokes CS & Stephen AM (2007) The role of diet in the prevention and management of adolescent depression. Nutrition Bulletin 32: 909.
  • Bates B, Lennox A & Swan G (2010) National Diet and Nutrition Survey. Headline Results from Year 1 of the Rolling Programme 2008/2009. Food Standards Agency, Department of Health: London.
  • Becker E, Boreham R, Chaudhury M et al. (2006) Health Survey for England 2004. The health of minority ethnic groups. Volume 1. (Sproston, K. and Mindell, J. eds.) The Information Centre, Leeds.
  • Benelam B (2009) Satiation, satiety and their effects on eating behaviour. Nutrition Bulletin 34: 12673.
  • Benelam B & Wyness L (2010) Hydration and health: a review. Nutrition Bulletin 35: 325.
  • Biddle SJH, Gorley T & Stensel DJ (2004) Health-enhancing physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children and adolescents. Journal of Sports Sciences 22: 679701.
  • Biro FM & Wien M (2010) Childhood obesity and adult morbidities. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 91: 1499S1505S.
  • Black MM (2003) Micronutrient deficiencies and cognitive functioning. The Journal of Nutrition 133: 3927S3931S.
  • British Heart Foundation (2009) Couch Kids: The Nations Future. British Heart Foundation: London.
  • British Nutrition Foundation (1999b) Oral Health. Diet and Other Factors. British Nutrition Foundation: London.
  • Brockman R, Jargo R, Fox KR et al. (2009) ‘Get off the sofa and go and play’: family and socioeconomic influences on the physical activity of 10–11 year old children. BMC Public Health 9: 253.
  • Bromley C, Sproston K & Shelton N (2005) The Scottish Health Survey 2003. Children. The Scottish Executive: Edinburgh.
  • Bromley C, Given L & Ormston R (2010) The Scottish Health Survey 2009, Vol. 1. Main report. Scottish Centre for Social Research: Edinburgh.
  • Brunton G, Harden A, Rees R et al. (2003) Children and physical activity: a systematic review of barriers and facilitators. EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London.
  • Butland B, Jebb S, Kopelman P et al. (2007) Tackling Obesities: Future Choices – Project report. 2nd Edition. Government Office for Science, London.
  • Butte NF (2000) Fat intake of children in relation to energy requirements. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 72: 1246S1252S.
  • Buttriss J (2002a) Nutrition, health and schoolchildren. Nutrition Bulletin 27: 275316.
  • Buttriss J (2002b) Adverse Reactions to Food. Blackwell Science for the British Nutrition Foundation: London.
  • Celermajer DS & Ayer JG (2006) Childhood risk factors for adult cardiovascular disease and primary prevention in childhood. Heart 92: 17016.
  • Central Survey Unit (2008) Young People's Behaviour and Attitudes Survey Bulletin, October 2007-November 200. Central Survey Unit, Belfast.
  • Chiarelli F & Marcovecchio ML (2008) Insulin resistance and obesity in childhood. European Journal of Endocrinology 159: S6774.
  • Cole TJ, Freeman JV & Preece MA (1995) Body mass index reference curves for the UK, 1990. Archives of Diseases in Childhood 73: 259.
  • Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM et al. (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. British Medical Journal 320: 12403.
  • Corbin C & Pangrazi R (2004) Physical Activity for Children. A Statement of Guidelines for Children Ages 5–12. National Association for Sport and Physical Education: Reston, VA.
  • Craig R & Hirani V (2010a) Health Survey for England 2008 – Trend Tables. The NHS Information Centre: London.
  • Craig R & Hirani V (2010b) Health Survey for England 2009: Health and Lifestyles, Vol. 1. The NHS Information Centre: London.
  • Craig R & Shelton N (2008) Health Survey for England 2007. Healthy Lifestyles: Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour. The NHS Information Centre: London.
  • Craig R, Mindell J & Hirani V (2009a) Health Survey for England 2008. Volume 2, Methods and Documentation. The NHS Information Centre: London.
  • Craig R, Mindell J & Hirani V (2009b) Health Survey for England 2008. Physical Activity and Fitness, Vol. 1. The NHS Information Centre: London.
  • Defeyter MA, Graham PL, Walton J et al. (2010) Breakfast clubs: availability for British schoolchildren and the nutritional, social and academic benefits. Nutrition Bulletin 35: 24553.
  • DeMattia L, Lemont L & Meurer L (2007) Do interventions to limit sedentary behaviours change behaviour and reduce childhood obesity? A critical review of the literature. Obesity Reviews 8: 6981.
  • De Onis M, Onyango AW, Borghi E et al. (2007) Development of a WHO growth reference for school-aged children and adolescents. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 85: 6607.
  • Department for Children Schools and Families (2007) The Children's Plan. Building Brighter Futures. Department for Children, Schools and Families: London.
  • Department for Children Schools and Families (2008) The Education (Nutritional Standards and Requirements for School Food) (England) Regulations 2007 (SI 2007/2359) As Amended by the Education (Nutritional Standards and Requirements for School Food) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2008 (SI 2008/1800). Department for Children Schools and Families: London.
  • Department for Culture Schools and Families (2006) Teenage Pregnancy. Accelerating the Strategy to 2010. Department for Culture, Schools and Families: London.
  • Department for Culture Schools and Families (2009) About the Teenage Pregnancy Strategy. Department for Culture, Schools and Families: London.
  • Department of Health (1989) The diets of British schoolchildren, Report on Health and Social Subjects 36. Her Majesty's Stationery Office: London.
  • Department of Health (1991) Dietary Reference Values for Food, Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom, Report on Health Social Subjects 41. Her Majesty's Stationery Office: London.
  • Department of Health (2004a) At Least Five A Week. Evidence on the Impact of Physical Activity and Its Relationship to Health. Department of Health: London.
  • Department of Health (2004b) Choosing Health: Making Healthy Choices Easier. Department of Health: London.
  • Department of Health (2004c) Thinking of Having A Baby. Folic Acid – An Essential Ingredient in Making Babies. Department of Health: London.
  • Department of Health (2008) National Child Measurement Programme: 2006/2007 School Year, Headline Results. The Information Centre, London.
  • Department of Health (2009) Guidance on the Consumption of Alcohol by Children and Young People. Department of Health: London.
  • Department of Health (2010) School Fruit and Vegetable Scheme. Department of Health: London.
  • Department of Health & Department for Children Schools and Families (2009) National Child Measurement Programme: England, 2008/2009 School Year. The Information Centre, London.
  • Department of Health & Department for Children Schools and Families (2010) National Child Measurement Programme: England, 2009/2010 School Year. Department of Health and Department for Children Schools and Families: London.
  • Department of Health Social Services and Public Safety (2002) Investing for Health. Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety: Belfast.
  • Drewnowski A & Bellisle F (2007) Liquid calories, sugar, and body weight. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 85: 65161.
  • Dunton GF, Kaplan J, Wolch J et al. (2009) Physical environmental correlates of childhood obesity: a systematic review. Obesity Reviews 10: 393402.
  • Du Toit G, Katz Y, Sasieni P et al. (2008) Early consumption of peanuts in infancy is associated with a low prevalence of peanut allergy. The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 122: 98491.
  • EFSA (2007) Statement of the Scientific Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies on a requrest from the Commission related to dietary fibre (Request No EFSA-Q-2007-121) expressed on 6 July 2007.
  • EFSA (2008) Xylitol chewing gum/pastilles and reduction of the risk of tooth decay. EFSA Journal 852: 115.
  • EFSA (2010) Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for carbohydrates and dietary fibre. EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition, and Allergies. EFSA Journal 8: 1462.
  • Ells LJ, Hillier FC, Shucksmith J et al. (2008) A systematic review of the effect of dietary exposure that could be achieved through normal dietary intake on learning and performance of school-aged children of relevance to UK schools. British Journal of Nutrition 100: 92736.
  • Erens B, Primatesta P & Prior G (2001) Health Survey for England 1999. The Health of Minority Ethinc Groups. The Stationary Office: London.
  • European Commission (2008) Commission Directive 2008/100/EC of 28 October 2008 amending Council Directive 90/496/EEC on nutrition labeling for foodstuffs as regards recommended daily allowances, energy conversion factors and definitions. Official Journal of the European Union 29.10.2008.
  • Evans CE, Cleghorn CL, Greenwood DC et al. (2010a) A comparison of British school meals and packed lunches from 1990 to 2007: meta-analysis by lunch type. British Journal of Nutrition 104: 47487.
  • Evans CE, Greenwood DC, Thomas JD et al. (2010b) SMART lunch box intervention to improve the food and nutrient content of children's packed lunches: UK wide cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 64: 9706.
  • Expert Panel on School Meals (2002) Hungry for Success. A Whole School Approach to School Meals in Scotland. Scottish Government: Edinburgh.
  • Falkingham M, Abdelhamit A, Curtis P et al. (2010) The effects of oral iron supplementation on cognition in older children and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrition Journal 9: 4.
  • FAO, WHO & UNU (1985) Energy and Protein Requirements. Report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation. In Technical Report Series 724. WHO, Geneva.
  • FAO/WHO/UNU (2004) Human Energy Requirements. Report of a Joint FAO/WHO/UNU Expert Consultation. FAO/WHO/UNU, Rome.
  • Finnerty T, Reeves S, Dabinett J et al. (2010) Effects of peer influence on dietary intake and physical activity in schoolchildren. Public Health Nutrition 13: 37683.
  • Fisher JO & Kral TVE (2007) Super-size me: portion size effects on young children's eating. Physiology & Behavior 94: 3947.
  • Fisher JO, Liu Y, Birch LL et al. (2007) Effects of portion size and energy density on young children's intake at a meal. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 86: 1749.
  • Fleming-Moran M & Thiagarajah K (2005) Behavioral interventions and the role of television in the growing epidemic of adolescent obesity. Methods of Information in Medicine 44: 3039.
  • Fogelholm M, Nuutinen O, Pasanen M et al. (1999) Parent-child relationship of physical activity patterns and obesity. International Journal of Obesity 23: 12628.
  • Food Standards Agency (2008) Report of 2008 T07 Food Allergy and Intolerance Research Programme Review. Food Standards Agency: London.
  • Food Standards Agency (2009a) Peanuts during Pregnancy, Breastfeeding and Early Childhood, Vol. 2011. Food Standards Agency: London.
  • Food Standards Agency (2009b) Guide to Using the Nutrient Profiling Model. Food Standards Agency: London.
  • Forshee RA, Anderson PA & Storey ML (2008) Sugar-sweetened beverages and body mass index in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 87: 166271.
  • Freedman DS, Kettel Khan L, Serdula MK et al. (2005) The relation of childhood BMI to adult adiposity: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Pediatrics 115: 227.
  • French SA, Perry CL, Leon GR et al. (1995) Dieting behaviors and weight change history in female adolescents. Journal of Health Psychology 14: 54855.
  • Gatineau M & Mathrani S (2011) Obesity and Ethnicity. National Obesity Observatory: Oxford.
  • Gilsenan MB, de Bruin EA & Dye L (2009) The influence of carbohydrate on cognitive performance: a critical evaluation from the perspective of glycaemic load. British Journal of Nutrition 101: 9419.
  • Goldfield G, Moore C, Henderson K et al. (2010) Body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, depression, and weight status in adolescents. Journal of School Health 80: 18692.
  • Gorley T, Marshall SJ, Biddle SJH et al. (2007) The prevalence of leisure time sedentary behaviour and physical activity in adolescent girls: an ecological momentary assessment approach. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 2: 22734.
  • Gregory J, Lowe S, Bates CJ et al. (2000) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years. Report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey, Vol. 1. The Stationary Office: London.
  • Gupta R, Sheikh A, Strachan DP et al. (2007) Time trends in allergic disorders in the UK. Thorax 62: 916.
  • Haines L & Kramer Z (2009) Growing up with Diabetes: Children and Young People with Diabetes in England. Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health Science and Research Department: London.
  • Haroun D, Harper C, Wood L et al. (2010) The impact of the food-based and nutrient-based standards on lunchtime food and drink provision and consumption in primary schools in England. Public Health Nutrition 14: 20918.
  • Harper C & Wood L (2009) Please Sir? Can we have some more? – lessons from Free School Meal initiatives. School Food Trust, Sheffield.
  • Harro M & Riddoch CJ (2000) Physical activity. In: Pediatric Exercise Science and Medicine, Vol. 1, (NArmstrong, WVan Mechelen eds), pp. 7784. Oxford University Press: Oxford.
  • Harvey LJ, Armah CN, Dainty JR et al. (2005) Impact of menstrual blood loss and diet on iron deficiency among women in the UK. British Journal of Nutrition 94: 55764.
  • He FJ & MacGregor GA (2006) Importance of salt in determining blood pressure in children: mata-analysis of controlled trials. Hypertension 48: 8619.
  • Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland (2001) Learning to Eat Well. Nutrition Initiatives in Schools. Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland: Belfast.
  • Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland (2008) Nutritional Standards for School Lunches: A Guide for Implementation. Health Promotion Agency for Northern Ireland: Belfast.
  • Health Protection Agency (2009) A Children's Environment and Health Strategy for the UK. Health Protection Agency: Didcot.
  • Henning Brodersen N, Steptoe A, Boniface DR et al. (2007) Trends in physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescence: ethnic and socioeconomic differences. British Journal of Sports Medicine 41: 1404.
  • Hill AJ (2002) Developmental issues in attitudes to food and diet. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 61: 25966.
  • Hill AJ (2006) Motivation for eating behaviour in adolescent girls: the body beautiful. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 65: 37684.
  • Hind K & Burrows M (2007) Weight-bearing exercise and bone mineral accrual in children and adolescents: a review of controlled trials. Bone 40: 1427.
  • HM Government (2008) Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives: A Cross-Government Strategy for England. Cross-Government Obesity Unit, Department of Health and Department of Children, Schools and Families: London.
  • Hogan MJ & Strasburger VC (2008) Body image, eating disorders, and the media. Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews 19: 52146.
  • Holick MF (2007) Vitamin D deficiency. New England Journal of Medicine 357: 26681.
  • Hooper B & Williams EB (2011) Anorexia – too complex an issue to simply blame mums. Nutrition Bulletin 36: 21620.
  • Horne PJ, Hardman CA, Lowe CF et al. (2009) Increasing parental provision and children's consumption of lunchbox fruit and vegetables in Ireland: the Food Dudes intervention. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 63: 6138.
  • Hoyland A, Dye L & Lawton CL (2009) A systematic review of the effect of breakfast on the cognitive performance of children and adolescents. Nutrition Research Reviews 22: 22043.
  • Hsia Y, Neubert AC, Rani F et al. (2009) An increase in the prevalence of type 1 and 2 diabetes in children and adolescents: results from prescription data from a UK general practice database. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 67: 2429.
  • Inchley JC, Currie DB, Todd JM et al. (2005) Persistent socio-demographic differences in physical activity among Scottish schoolchildren 1990–2002. European Journal of Public Health 15: 3868.
  • Jago R, Brockman R, Fox KR et al. (2009) Friendship groups and physical activity: qualitative findings on how physical activity is initiated and maintained among 10–11 year old children. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 6: 4.
  • Jerstad SJ, Boutelle KN, Ness KK et al. (2010) Prospective reciprocal relations between physical activity and depression in female adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 78: 26872.
  • Katz DL, O'Connell M, Njike VY et al. (2008) Strategies for the prevention and control of obesity in the school setting: systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Obesity 32: 17809.
  • Kennedy D, Jackson P, Elliott J et al. (2009) Cognitive and mood effects of 8 weeks' supplementation with 400 mg or 1000 mg of the omega-3 essential fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in healthy children aged 10–12 years. Nutritional Neuroscience 12: 4856.
  • Kirby A, Woodward A, Jackson S et al. (2010) A double-blind, placebo-controlled study investigating the effects of omega-3 supplementation in children aged 8–10 years from a mainstream school population. Research in Developmental Disabilities 31: 71830.
  • Krahnstoever Davison K, Cutting TM & Birch LL (2003) Parents' activity-related parenting practices predict girls' physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise 35: 158995.
  • Lader D, Chadwick B, Chestnutt I et al. (2005) Children's Dental Health in the United Kingdom, 2003. Summary Report. Office for National Statistics: London.
  • Lanham-New SA, Thompson RL, More J et al. (2007) Importance of vitamin D, calcium and exercise to bone health with specific reference to children and adolescents. Nutrition Bulletin 32: 36477.
  • Lanham-New SA, Buttriss J, Miles L et al. (2011) Proceedings of the rank forum on vitamin D. British Journal of Nutrition 105: 14456.
  • Larson Ode K, Frohner BI & Nathan BM (2009) Identification and treatment of metabolic complications in pediatric obesity. Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders 10: 16788.
  • Larun L, Nordheim LV, Ekeland E et al. (2006) Exercise in prevention and treatment of anxiety and depression among children and young people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2006): CD004691.
  • Livingstone MBE, Robson PJ & Wallace JMW (2004) Issues in the dietary intake assessment of children and adolescents. British Journal of Nutrition 92: S21322.
  • Lloyd LJ, Langley-Evans SC & McMullen S (2010) Childhood obesity and adult cardiovascular disease risk: a systematic review. International Journal of Obesity 34: 1828.
  • LACA (Local Authority Caterers' Association) (2004) School Meals Survey 2004. Local Authority Caterers' Association: Woking.
  • Lowe CF, Horne PJ, Tapper K et al. (2004) Effects of a peer modelling and rewards-based intervention to increase fruit and vegetable consumption in children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 58: 51022.
  • Lowe CF, Horne PJ & Hardman CA (2007) Changing the Nation's Diet: A Programme to Increase Children's Ocnsumption of Fruit and Vegetables. Bangor Food and Activity Research Unit, Bangor.
  • Lunn J & Buttriss J (2007) Carbohydrates and dietary fibre. Nutrition Bulletin 32: 2164.
  • MacDonald HM, Mavroeidi A, Fraser WD et al. (2010) Sunlight and dietary contributions to the seasonal vitamin D status of cohorts of healthy postmenopausal women living at northerly latitudes: a major cause for concern? Osteoporosis International DOI: 10.1007/S00198-010-1467-z
  • MacGregor A & Sheehy C (2005) Evaluation of Free Fruit in Schools Initiative. Scottish Centre for Social Research: Edinburgh.
  • Madsen C (2005) Prevalence of food allergy: an overview. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 64: 4137.
  • Malik VS, Schulze MB & Hu FB (2006) Intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain: a systematic review. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 84: 27488.
  • Malina RM (1996) Tracking of physical activity and physical fitness across the lifespan. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 67: S4857.
  • McCrindle BW (2010) Assessment and management of hypertension in children and adolescents. Nature Reviews Cardiology 7: 15563.
  • Miles L (2007) Physical activity and health. Nutrition Bulletin 32: 31463.
  • Mills ENC, Mackie AR, Burney P et al. (2007) The prevalence, cost and basis of food allergy across Europe. Allergy 62: 71722.
  • Moore L & Tapper K (2008) The impact of school fruit tuck shops and school food policies on children's fruit consumption: a cluster randomised trial of schools in deprived areas. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 62: 92631.
  • Moreno LA & Rodriguez G (2007) Dietary risk factors for development of childhood obesity. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 10: 33641.
  • Nathan BM & Moran A (2008) Metabolic complications of obesity in childhood and adolescence: more than just diabetes. Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity 15: 219.
  • Nelson M, Bradbury J, Poulter J et al. (2004) School Meals in Secondary Schools in England. Research Report No 557. Department for Education and Skills, Food Standards Agency: London.
  • Nelson M, Nicholas J, Suleiman S et al. (2006) School Meals in Primary Schools in England. Research Report No 753. Department for Education and Skills, Food Standards Agency: London.
  • Nelson M, Erens B, Bates B et al. (2007) Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey. Food Consumption, Nutrient Intake, Vol. 2. Food Standards Agency: London.
  • Nelson M, Nicholas J, Wood L et al. (2010) Fifth Annual Survey of Take up of School Lunches in England, Vol. 2011. School Food Trust, London.
  • Nelson M (2011) The School Food Trust: transforming school lunches in England. Nutrition Bulletin 36: 3819.
  • Nemets H, Nemets B, Apter A et al. (2006) Omega-3 treatment of childhood depression: a controlled, double-blind pilot study. American Journal of Psychiatry 163: 1098100.
  • NHS (National Health Service) (2009) The Smoking, Drinking and Drug Misuse among Young People in England Survey in 2008. National Health Service: London.
  • NHS (National Health Service) Scotland (2009) Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey (SALSUS) 2008. National Health Service Scotland: Edingurgh.
  • NICE (National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence) (2004) Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Related Eating Disorders. National Institute of Clinical Excellence: London.
  • NICE (National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence) (2006a) Obesity: Guidance on the Prevention, Identification, Assessment and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults and Children. National Institute of Clinical Excellence: London.
  • NICE (National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence) (2006b) Obesity: The Prevention, Identification, Assessment and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults and Children. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence: London.
  • NICE (National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence) (2008) Promoting and Creating Built Or Natural Environments That Encourage and Support Physical Activity. National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence: London.
  • Niven A, Fawkner S, Knowles A-M et al. (2009) Social physique anxiety and physical activity in early adolescent girls: the influence of maturation and physical activity motives. Journal of Sports Sciences 27: 299305.
  • NISRA (Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency) (2007) Northern Ireland Health and Social Wellbeing Survey. Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency: Belfast.
  • Oddy WH, Robinson M, Ambrosini GL et al. (2009) The association between dietary patterns and mental health in early adolescence. Preventive Medicine 49: 3944.
  • Ofcom (2007) Television Advertising of Food and Drink Products to Children. Final statement. Ofcom, London.
  • Ofcom (2010) HFSS advertising restrictions. Ofcom, London.
  • Oude Luttikhuis H, Baur L, Jansen H et al. (2009) Interventions for treating obesity in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1): CD001872.
  • Passmore S & Harris G (2004) Education, health and school meals: a review of policy changes in England and Wales over the past century. Nutrition Bulletin 29: 2217.
  • Pate RR, O'Neill JR & Lobelo F (2008) The evolving definition of sedentary. Exercise and Sports Sciences Reviews 34: 1738.
  • Pearce J, Harper H, Haroun D et al. (2011) Key differences between school lunches and packed lunches in primary schools in England in 2009. Public Health Nutrition 14 (8): 150710.
  • Pendry L, Lashkari G & Bewley H (2004) 2003 Children's Dental Health Survey, Technical Report. Office for National Statistics: London.
  • Phillips F (2004) Diet and bone health. Nutrition Bulletin 29: 99110.
  • Physical Activity and Nutrition Network Wales (2009) Fruit Tuck Shops. Cardiff.
  • Physical Activity Task Force (2003) Let's Make Scotland More Active. A Strategy for Physical Activity. The Stationary Office: Edinburgh.
  • Population Action International (2007) A measure of survival: calculating women's sexual and reproductive risk. Population Action International.
  • Prentice A (1999) Aetiology of obesity I: introduction. In: Obesity, (British Nutrient Foundation ed.), pp. 13. Blackwell Science Ltd: Oxford.
  • Prentice A, Schoenmakers I, Laskey MA et al. (2006) Nutrition and bone growth and development. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 65: 34860.
  • Rees G, Bradshaw J, Goswami H et al. (2010) Understanding Children's Well-Being: A National Survey of Young People's Well-Being. The Children's Society: London.
  • Reilly JJ (2008) Physical activity, sedentary behaviour and energy balance in the preschool child: opportunities for early obesity prevention. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 67: 31725.
  • Reilly JJ, Wilson ML, Summerbell CD et al. (2002) Obesity: diagnosis, prevention and treatment; evidence based answers to common questions. Archives of Diseases in Childhood 86: 3925.
  • Riddoch CJ, Mattocks C, Deere K et al. (2007) Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity. Archives of Diseases in Childhood 92: 9639.
  • Rosen DS & Committee on Adolescence (2010) Identification and management of eating disorders in children and adolescents. Pediatrics 126: 124053.
  • Sacher PM, Kolotourou M, Chadwick PM et al. (2010) Randomized controlled trial of the MEND program: a family-based community intervention for childhood obesity. Obesity 18: S628.
  • SACN (2003) Salt and Health. Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition: London.
  • SACN (2007) Update on vitamin D. Position statement of the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition. Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition: London.
  • SACN (2010) Iron and health. Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition, London.
  • Sagatun A, Sogaard AJ, Bjertness E et al. (2007) The association between weekly hours of physical activity and mental health: a three-year follow-up study of 15–16-year-old students in the city of Oslo, Norway. BMC Public Health 7: 155.
  • Saltmarsh M (2001) Thirst: or why do people drink? Nutrition Bulletin 26: 538.
  • Sandercock G, Angus C & Barton J (2010) Physical activity levels of children living in different built environments. Preventive Medicine 50: 1938.
  • Sandhu J, Ben-Shlomo Y, Cole TJ et al. (2006) The impact of childhood body mass index on timing of puberty, adult stature and obesity: a follow-up study based on adolescent anthropometry recorded at Christ's Hospital (1936–1964). International Journal of Obesity 30: 1422.
  • Schofield WN (1985) Predicting basal metabolic rate: new standards and a review of previous work. Human Nutrition: Clinical Nutrition 39C: 541.
  • School Food Top Marks (2009a) Nutritional standards for school lunches. Health Promotion Agency; Department of Education; Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety, Belfast.
  • School Food Top Marks (2009b) Nutritional standards for other food and drinks in schools. Health Promotion Agency; Department of Education; Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety, Belfast.
  • School Food Trust (2007) A guide to the Government's new food-based standards for school lunches. School Food Trust, Sheffield.
  • School Food Trust (2008a) A guide to introducing the Government's food-based and nutrient-based standards for school lunches. School Food Trust, Sheffield.
  • School Food Trust (2008b) The impact of primary school breakfast clubs in deprived areas of London. School Food Trust.
  • School Food Trust (2009) Primary School Food Survey 2009. 1. School lunch: provision, selection and consumption. Vol. 2011, School Food Trust, Sheffield.
  • School Meals Review Panel (2005) Turning the Tables. Transforming School Food. Department for Education and Skills: London.
  • Short KR, Blackett PR, Gardner AW et al. (2009) Vascular health in children and adolescents: effects of obesity and diabetes. Vascular Health and Risk Management 5: 97390.
  • Sinn N (2008) Nutritional and dietary influences on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Nutrition Reviews 66: 55868.
  • Sproston K & Mindell J (2006) Health Survey for England 2004. The health of minority ethnic groups. The Information Centre, London.
  • Sproston K & Primatesta P (2003) Health Survey for England 2002. the Health of Children and Young People, Vol. 1. HMSO: London.
  • Steinberger J, Daniels SR, Eckel RH et al. (2009) Progress and challenges in metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. A scientific statement from the American Heart Association Atherosclerosis, Hypertension, and Obesity in the Young Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young; Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; and Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism. Circulation 119: 62847.
  • Story M, Neumark-Sztainer D & French SA (2002) Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviors. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 102: S4051.
  • Strohle A, Hofler M, Pfister H et al. (2007) Physical activity and prevalence and incidence of mental disorders in adolescents and young adults. Psychological Medicine 37: 165766.
  • Summerbell CD, Waters E, Edmunds L et al. (2005) Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (20): CD001871.
  • Summerbell CD, Douthwaite W, Whittaker V et al. (2009) The association between diet and physical activity and subsequent excess weight gain and obesity assessed at 5 years of age or older: a systematic review of the epidemiological evidence. International Journal of Obesity 33: S188.
  • Szajewska H & Ruszczynski M (2010) Systematic review demonstrating that breakfast consumption influences body weight outcomes in children and adolescents in Europe. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 50: 1139.
  • Tedstone A (2008) The Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey. Findings: nutritional science. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 67: E91.
  • Teeman D, Lynch S, White K et al. (2010) The Third Evaluation of the School Fruit and Vegetable Scheme. National Foundation for Educational Research: Slough.
  • The Caroline Walker Trust (1992) Nutritional Guidelines for School Meals. Report of an Expert Working Group. The Caroline Walker Trust: London.
  • The Scottish Government (2007) Schools (Health Promotion and Nutrition) (Scotland) Act 2007. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh.
  • The Scottish Government (2008a) Healthy Eating in Schools. A Guide to Implementing the Nutritional Requirements for Food and Drink in Schools (Scotland) Regulations 2008. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh.
  • The Scottish Government (2008b) The Nutritional Requirements for Food and Drink in Schools (Scotland) Regulations 2008. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh.
  • The Scottish Government (2008c) Healthy Eating, Active Living: An Action Plan to Improve Diet, Increase Physical Activity and Tackle Obesity (2008–2011). The Scottish Government: Edinburgh.
  • The Scottish Government (2010a) Preventing Overweight and Obesity in Scotland: A Route Map Towards Healthy Weight. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh.
  • The Scottish Government (2010b) Healthy Eating in Schools: Supplementary Guidance on Diet and Nutrition for Children and Young People with Additional Support Needs. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh.
  • Theobald HE (2005) Dietary calcium and health. Nutrition Bulletin 30: 23777.
  • Thomas D (2000) The dieticians role in the treatment of eating disorders. Nutrition Bulletin 25: 5560.
  • Thompson RL, Miles L, Lunn J et al. (2010) Peanut sensitisation and allergy: influence of early life exposure to peanuts. British Journal of Nutrition 103: 127886.
  • Torun B, Davies PSW, Livingstone MBE et al. (1996) Energy requirements and dietary energy recommendations for children and adolescents 1–18 years old. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 50: 83781.
  • Venter C, Pereira B, Grundy J et al. (2006) Incidence of parentally reported and clinically diagnosed food hypersensitivity in the first year of life. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 117: 111824.
  • Vereecken CA, Todd J, Roberts C et al. (2006) Television viewing behavior and associations with food habits in different countries. Public Health Nutrition 9: 24450.
  • Voss C & Sandercock G (2010) Aerobic fitness and mode of travel to school in English schoolchildren. Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise 42: 2817.
  • Welsh Assembly Government (2003) Nutrition Standards for School Lunches. Welsh Assembly Government: Cardiff.
  • Welsh Assembly Government (2006) Food and Fitness – Promoting Healthy Eating and Physical Activity for Children and Young People in Wales. 5 Year Implementation Plan. Welsh Assembly Government: Cardiff.
  • Welsh Assembly Government (2008a) Welsh Health Report 2007. Welsh Assembly Government: Cardiff.
  • Welsh Assembly Government (2008b) Appetite for Life Action Plan, Information Document No: 026/2007department for Children, Education, Lifelong Learning and Skills. Welsh Assembly Government: Cardiff.
  • Welsh Assembly Government (2008c) Primary Schools Free Breakfast Initiative. Welsh Assembly Government: Cardiff.
  • Welsh Assembly Government (2009a) Climbing Higher: Creating An Active Wales. A 5 Year Strategic Plan. Consultation Document. Welsh Assembly Government: Cardiff.
  • Welsh Assembly Government (2009b) Welsh Health Survey 2008. Welsh Assembly Government: Cardiff.
  • Welsh Assembly Government (2010) Welsh Health Survey 2009. Welsh Assembly Government: Cardiff.
  • Whincup PH, Nightingale CM, Owen CG et al. (2010) Early emergence of ethnic differences in type 2 diabetes precursors in the UK: the Child Heart and Health Study in England (CHASE Study). Public Library of Science Medicine 7: e1000263.
  • Wiles NJ, Jones GT, Haase AM et al. (2008) Physical activity and emotional problems amongst adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 43: 76572.
  • Winzenberg TM, Shaw KA, Fryer J et al. (2006) Calcium supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2006): CD005119.
  • Winzenberg TM, Powell S, Shaw KA et al. (2010) Vitamin D supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (2010): CD006944.
  • WHO (World Health Organization) (2000) Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. WHO Technical Report Series 894. World Health Organization: Geneva.
  • WHO (World Health Organization) (2008) Worldwide Prevalence of Anaemia 1993–2005: WHO Global Database on Anaemia. World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • WHO (World Health Organization) (2010) Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. World Health Organization: Geneva.
  • Wright CM, Parker L, Lamont D et al. (2001) Implications of childhood obesity for adult health: findings from thousand families cohort study. British Medical Journal 323: 12804.
  • Wright CM, Booth IW, Buckler JM et al. (2002) Growth reference charts for use in the United Kingdom. Archives of Diseases in Childhood 86: 114.