The effect of cross-listing on insider trading returns



Holding privileged positions within firms, insiders can acquire excessive private benefits based on their informational advantage. The bonding hypothesis suggests that this can be prevented when a firm is cross-listed on an exchange with higher regulatory and legal costs compared with its home exchange. When cross-listed insiders buy and sell shares, the returns earned are lower than in domestic firms. This difference is attributable to the increased shareholder protection in cross-listed firms that constrains the extraction of private benefits, such that when cross-listed insiders trade, they trade for non-informational reasons.