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AN ‘INTEGRATED’ FRAMEWORK FOR THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE TERRITORIAL INNOVATION DYNAMICS OF DEVELOPED AND EMERGING COUNTRIES

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Abstract

Abstract This paper discusses recent developments in the literature on local and regional innovative performance to show how an ‘integrated’ conceptual framework based on the cross-fertilization of different theories can serve as a foundation for the comparative analysis of territorial innovation dynamics in both developed and developing countries. The paper outlines a conceptual framework to explain the differences between innovation systems and their geography by drawing on elements of endogenous growth, new economic geography and regional innovation systems. This framework forms the basis of the subsequent analysis of the differences in innovative capacity between the European Union (EU), the United States (US) – as the leader system to be challenged – and China and India as emerging competitors for international technological leadership. The systematic analysis of a large body of empirical literature shows important differences between the spatial patterning of ‘emerging’ (China and India) and ‘mature’ (EU and US) innovation systems.

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