SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Amir, R. and Wooders, J., 2000, ‘One-Way Spillovers, Endogenous Innovator/Imitator Roles, and Research Joint Ventures,’ Games and Economic Behavior, 31, 125.
  • Aoki, R. and Hu, J-L., 1999, ‘Licensing Versus Litigation: The Effect of the Legal System on Incentives to Innovate,’ The Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 8, 133160.
  • Arrow, K., 1962, ‘Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention,’ in Nelson, R. (ed.), The Rate and Direction of Incentive Activity (Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.A.).
  • Ayres, J. and Klemperer, P., 1999, ‘Limiting Patentees' Market Power without Reducing Innovation Incentives: The Perverse Benefits of Uncertainty and Non-Injunctive Remedies,’ Michigan Law Review, Vol. 97, 9851033.
  • Crampes, C. and Langinier, C., 2002, ‘Litigation and Settlement in Patent Infringement Cases,’ Rand Journal of Economics, 33 (2), 258274.
  • Encaoua, D. and Hollander, A., 2002, ‘Competition Policy and Innovation,’ Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 18 (1), 6379.
  • Farrell, J. and Shapiro, C., 2008, ‘How Strong are Weak Patents?,’ American Economic Review, 98 (4), 13471369.
  • Février, P. and Linnemer, L., 2004, ‘Idiosyncratic Shocks in a Asymetric Cournot Oligopoly,’ International Journal of Industrial Organization, 22 (6), 835848.
  • Graham, S.; Hall, B.; Harhoff, D. and Mowery, D., 2003, ‘Post-Issue Patent ‘Quality Control’: A Comparative Study of U.S. Patent re-Examinations and European Patent Oppositions,’ in Cohen, W. and Merrill, S. (eds.), Patents in the Knowledge-Based Economy (The National academic Press, Washington, D.C.).
  • Guellec, D. and Van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, B., 2007, The Economics of the European Patent System (Oxford University Press, Oxford).
  • Hunt, R., 2001, ‘You can Patent That? Are Patents to Computer Programs and Business Methods Good for the New Economy?,’ Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Business Review, Quarter 1, 515.
  • Hunt, R., 2008, Business method patents and U.S. financial services, WP no 08-10, Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
  • Hylton, K., 2006, ‘Property Rules and Liability Rules, Once Again,’ Review of Law and Economics, 2, 137191.
  • IDEI, 2006, Objectives and Incentives at the European Patent Office (Institut d'Economie Industrielle, Toulouse).
  • Kamien, M., 1992, ‘Patent Licensing,’ In: Aumann, R. J. and Hart, S. (eds.), Handbook of Game Theory with Economic Applications (Elsevier Science, North Holland, ch. 11, 331354.
  • Kamien, M.; Oren, S. and Tauman, Y., 1992, ‘Optimal Licensing of Cost-Reducing Innovation,’ Journal of Mathematical Economics, 21, 483508.
  • Kamien, M. and Tauman, Y., 1984, ‘The Private Value of a Patent: A Game-Theoretic Analysis,’ Z. Nationalõkon, Journal of Economics, 4 (Supplement), 93118.
  • Kamien, M. and Tauman, Y., 1986, ‘Fees Versus Royalties and the Private Value of a Patent,’ Quarterly Journal of Economics, 101, 471491.
  • Katz, M. and Shapiro, C., 1985, ‘On the Licensing of Innovations,’ Rand Journal of Economics, 16, 504520.
  • Katz, M. and Shapiro, C., 1987, ‘R&D Rivalry with Licensing or Imitation,’ American Economic Review, 77 (3), 402420.
  • Kimmel, S., 1992, ‘Effects of Cost Changes on Oligopolists' Profits,’ Journal of Industrial Economics, 40 (4), 441449.
  • Lanjouw, J. and Schankerman, M., 2001, ‘Characteristics of Patent Litigation: A Window on Competition,’ Rand Journal of Economics, 32 (1), 129151.
  • Lanjouw, J. and Schankerman, M., 2004, ‘Protecting Intellectual Property Rights: Are Small Firms Handicapped?,’ Journal of Law and Economics, 47 (1), 4574.
  • Lei, Z. and Wright, B., 2009, Why Weak Patents? Rational Ignorance or Pro-Customer Tilt? (Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, UC Berkeley).
  • Lemley, M., 2001, ‘Rational Ignorance at the Patent Office,’ Northwestern University Law Review, 95 (4), 14971532.
  • Lemley, M. and Shapiro, C., 2005, ‘Probabilistic Patents,’ Journal of Economic Perspectives, 19 (2), 7598.
  • Lemley, M. and Shapiro, C., 2007, ‘Patent Hold-Up and Royalty Stacking,’ Texas Law Review, 85, 19902049.
  • Rockett, K., 2008, Property rights and invention, DP no 663, Department of Economics, University of Essex, to appear in The Handbook of Economics and Technical Change, Bronwyn Hall and Nathan Rosenberg, Editors.
  • Sen, D., 2005, ‘Fee Versus Royalty Reconsidered,’ Games and Economic Behavior, 53, 141147.
  • Sen, D. and Tauman, Y., 2007, ‘General Licensing Schemes for a Cost-Reducing Innovation,’ Games and Economic Behavior, 59, 163186.
  • Scotchmer, S., 2004, Innovation and Incentives (The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.A.).