Gordon, R. A. and Howell. J. E. Higher Education for Business. 1959. New York: Columbia University Press. Ch. 2.
Henry, Nelson B. (ed.) Education for the Professions 1962. (61st Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Part II). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Education for Professional Responsibility. 1948. Proceedings of the Inter-Professions Conference on Education for Professional Responsibility, Buck Hill Falls, 12th–14th April, 1948. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Press.
I will also, for brevity, use ‘knowledge’ to refer not simply to ‘knowledge about’ (i.e., facts and principles of some phenomena), but also ‘knowledge how’ (i.e., how to produce desired results, how to conduct inquiry, how to solve problems, and so on).
The invention of new research techniques is, of course, another mode of pure science activity.
Four (but not ten) outstanding examples of such exceptions come to my mind as I write this: three came to academia in their forties, one in his sixties. Two had previously had academic experience early in their careers.
Pierson, Frank C., and others. The Education of American Businessmen. 1959. New York McGraw-Hill, Ch. 3.