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Organizational Ambidexterity: Towards a Multilevel Understanding


Zeki Simsek, University of Connecticut, School of Business, Management Department, 2100 Hillside Road, Unit 1041, Storrs, CT 06269-1041, USA (


Although interest in the concept of organizational ambidexterity has increased during recent years, this line of inquiry remains unfocused and limited due to a lack of more encompassing conceptual efforts. As a first step, we begin by critically reviewing previous research on the conceptualization, antecedents, and consequences of ambidexterity. We then offer a model that specifies a more encompassing, multilevel explanation of ambidexterity. Finally, we trace research and managerial implications and suggest some potential research avenues.