A Multi-Dimensional Framework of Organizational Innovation: A Systematic Review of the Literature


Mary M. Crossan, Richard Ivey School of Business, London, N6A 3K7, Canada (mcrossan@ivey.ca).


This paper consolidates the state of academic research on innovation. Based on a systematic review of literature published over the past 27 years, we synthesize various research perspectives into a comprehensive multi-dimensional framework of organizational innovation – linking leadership, innovation as a process, and innovation as an outcome. We also suggest measures of determinants of organizational innovation and present implications for both research and managerial practice.