Intra- and interindividual relationships between elation-depression and desire for excitement1


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    This research was supported in part by National Science Foundation Grant GS-1897 and by National Institute of Mental Health Grant MH-16661 I would like to thank Dr Elaine Walster and Mae Ouchida for their help and encouragement.


This study examined the relationship between elation-depression and desire for excitement on both intra- and interindividual levels. It was hypothesized that there would be a positive linear relationship between elation and desire for tranquillity These intraindividual hypotheses received strong support. This support would suggest that radical incongruities between activity demands and mood preparedness are often painful and would imply that in order for mood alteration to be successful it must take place gradually

It was also hypothesized that characteristic level of elation-depression would be positively related to mean ratings of desire for excitement, positively related to score on a desire for excitement test, and negatively related to mean ratings of desire for tranquillity These interindividual hypotheses were not supported. Although it is probably most reasonable to accept the lack of correspondence between intra- and interindividual results, the operation of social comparison effects and social desirability bias may have obscured the predicted interindividual relationships