The relationship of sex role identity and social and political attitudes1


  • 1

    The authors wish to thank the Department of Social Relations, Harvard University, for a faculty grant which made the research possible, and Professor William Bezdek for his valuable comments on the mansucript Also, Mrs Judith Thrall, Mrs Linda Janus, and Mrs San Sloan


A study is reported of the relationship between conscious social role preferences, unconscious sexual identifications, and attitudes toward five categories of social and political issues. Based on factor scores of inventory items, the categories include political liberalism, birth control, sex role morality, racial discrimination, and the achievement ethic The population studied consisted of men and women from communities designated working class, middle class, and upper class Controlling for the effects of age, sex, marital status, occupation, education, and political party preference, results indicate statistically significant associations between conscious and unconscious masculinity and femininity and attitudes toward all five categories of issues The patterns of associations, however, are not always consistent Discussion includes a consideration of sex role identity as a value and the implication of sex role differentiation for the integration of personality as well as social institutions