. This research was facilitated by NIMH Grant MH-26646 to William Ickes and Robert Kidd, and by National Science Foundation Grant GS-40001 to Leonard Berkowitz. The authors would like to express their appreciation to James Kirk who ably served as the experimenter. Thanks also go to Gale Coren for serving as the confederate in Experiment 2.
Requests for reprints should be sent to William J. Ickes, Department of Psychology, Charter at Johnson Street, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706.